1-Chloro-1-nitropropane

Formula
C3H6ClNO2
Structure
Description
Colorless liquid. Unpleasant odor.
Uses
Rubber cement additive.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
600-25-9
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
209-990-0
EC Index Number
610-007-00-6
EC Class
Harmful
RTECS
TX5075000
RTECS class
Agricultural Chemical and Pesticide; Mutagen
Beilstein/Gmelin
1748601
Beilstein Reference
4-01-00-00232
Swiss Giftliste 1
G-1410

Properties.
Formula
C3H6ClNO2
Formula mass
123.55
Boiling point, °C
141
Vapor pressure, mmHg
6
Vapor density (air=1)
4.26
Density
1.209 g/cm3 (15 C)
Solubility in water
8 mg/L
Refractive index
1.4255 (20 C)
pKa/pKb
3.93 (pKa)

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Keep in a cool, dry, dark location in a tightly sealed container or cylinder. Keep away from incompatible materials, ignition sources and untrained individuals. Secure and label area. Protect containers/cylinders from physical damage.
Handling
All chemicals should be considered hazardous. Avoid direct physical contact. Use appropriate, approved safety equipment. Untrained individuals should not handle this chemical or its container. Handling should occur in a chemical fume hood.
Protection
Wear appropriate eye protection and protective clothing to prevent skin and eye contact.
Respirators
Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive pressure mode.
Small spills/leaks
Keep people away; shut off ignition sources; call fire department; notify local health and pollution control agencies; protect water intakes.
Stability
No data.
Incompatibilities
Sensitive to heat (may be explosive) Incompatible with oxidizers.
Decomposition
When heated to decomp.They evolve highly toxic hydrogen chloride fumes. Some organic chlorides decomposition to yield phosgene.

Fire.
Flash Point,°C
62
Fire fighting
Extinguish with dry chemicals, carbon dioxide, or alcohol foam. Use water spray to knock down vapors and cool exposed containers.
Fire potential
Combustible.
Hazards
May produce toxic gases, including nitrogen oxides, hydrogen chloride, and carbon monoxide. Will attack some plastics, rubber, and coatings.
Combustion products
When exposed to...Flame, chlorinated nitroparaffins are easily decomposed into dangerous fumes such as phosgene and nitrogen oxides.
Health
-
 
Flammability
2
 
 
Reactivity
3
 

Health.
Exposure limit(s)
NIOSH REL: TWA 2 ppm (10 mg/m3) OSHA PEL: TWA 20 ppm (100 mg/m3) IDLH 100 ppm
Poison_Class
3
Exposure effects
Agitation and syncope, both attributed to panic, have been reported.
   Ingestion
A metallic taste with a burning sensation of the tongue is common. Nausea is common; vomiting occurs occasionally. Epigastric discomfort and burping may occur if tear gas is swallowed.
   Inhalation
Cough, rhinorrhea, sneezing, chest tightness, and laryngospasm may occur shortly following exposure due to the irritant effects.
   Skin
Irritation may occur to all body surfaces where significant exposure has occurred. Painful contact dermatitis may persist for several hours following exposure to mace containing capsaicin. Bullous dermatitis may develop 12 to three days after exposure to tear gas containing o-chlorobenzylidene malononitrile (cs). Erythema, vesicle eruptions, and denuded areas with weeping tender erythematous base may develop one day after exposure to mace containing 1-chloroacetophenone (cn).

First aid
 
   Ingestion
DO NOT INDUCE VOMITING. If the victim is conscious and not convulsing, give 1 or 2 glasses of water to dilute the chemical and IMMEDIATELY call a hospital or poison control center. Be prepared to transport the victim to a hospital if advised by a physician.
   Inhalation
IMMEDIATELY leave the contaminated area; take deep breaths of fresh air. If symptoms (such as wheezing, coughing, shortness of breath, or burning in the mouth, throat, or chest) develop, call a physician and be prepared to transport the victim to a hospital. Provide proper respiratory protection to rescuers entering an unknown atmosphere. Whenever possible, Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus (SCBA) should be used.
   Skin
IMMEDIATELY flood affected skin with water while removing and isolating all contaminated clothing. Gently wash all affected skin areas thoroughly with soap and water. If symptoms such as redness or irritation develop, IMMEDIATELY call a physician and be prepared to transport the victim to a hospital for treatment.
   Eyes
First check the victim for contact lenses and remove if present. Flush victim's eyes with water or normal saline solution for 20 to 30 minutes while simultaneously calling a hospital or poison control center. Do not put any ointments, oils, or medication in the victim's eyes without specific instructions from a physician. IMMEDIATELY transport the victim after flushing eyes to a hospital even if no symptoms (such as redness or irritation) develop.

Transport.
USCG CHRIS Code
CNE
 
42 Nitrocompounds