Colorless liquid. Unpleasant odor.
Rubber cement additive.
Registry Numbers and Inventories.
EC Index Number
Agricultural Chemical and Pesticide; Mutagen
Swiss Giftliste 1
Boiling point, °C
Vapor pressure, mmHg
Vapor density (air=1)
1.209 g/cm3 (15 C)
Solubility in water
1.4255 (20 C)
Hazards and Protection.
Keep in a cool, dry, dark location in a tightly sealed container or cylinder. Keep away from incompatible materials, ignition sources and untrained individuals. Secure and label area. Protect containers/cylinders from physical damage.
All chemicals should be considered hazardous. Avoid direct physical contact. Use appropriate, approved safety equipment. Untrained individuals should not handle this chemical or its container. Handling should occur in a chemical fume hood.
Wear appropriate eye protection and protective clothing to prevent skin and eye contact.
Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive pressure mode.
Keep people away; shut off ignition sources; call fire department; notify local health and pollution control agencies; protect water intakes.
Sensitive to heat (may be explosive) Incompatible with oxidizers.
When heated to decomp.They evolve highly toxic hydrogen chloride fumes. Some organic chlorides decomposition to yield phosgene.
Extinguish with dry chemicals, carbon dioxide, or alcohol foam. Use water spray to knock down vapors and cool exposed containers.
May produce toxic gases, including nitrogen oxides, hydrogen chloride, and carbon monoxide. Will attack some plastics, rubber, and coatings.
When exposed to...Flame, chlorinated nitroparaffins are easily decomposed into dangerous fumes such as phosgene and nitrogen oxides.
NIOSH REL: TWA 2 ppm (10 mg/m3) OSHA PEL: TWA 20 ppm (100 mg/m3) IDLH 100 ppm
Agitation and syncope, both attributed to panic, have been reported.
A metallic taste with a burning sensation of the tongue is common. Nausea is common; vomiting occurs occasionally. Epigastric discomfort and burping may occur if tear gas is swallowed.
Cough, rhinorrhea, sneezing, chest tightness, and laryngospasm may occur shortly following exposure due to the irritant effects.
Irritation may occur to all body surfaces where significant exposure has occurred. Painful contact dermatitis may persist for several hours following exposure to mace containing capsaicin. Bullous dermatitis may develop 12 to three days after exposure to tear gas containing o-chlorobenzylidene malononitrile (cs). Erythema, vesicle eruptions, and denuded areas with weeping tender erythematous base may develop one day after exposure to mace containing 1-chloroacetophenone (cn).
DO NOT INDUCE VOMITING. If the victim is conscious and not convulsing, give 1 or 2 glasses of water to dilute the chemical and IMMEDIATELY call a hospital or poison control center. Be prepared to transport the victim to a hospital if advised by a physician.
IMMEDIATELY leave the contaminated area; take deep breaths of fresh air. If symptoms (such as wheezing, coughing, shortness of breath, or burning in the mouth, throat, or chest) develop, call a physician and be prepared to transport the victim to a hospital. Provide proper respiratory protection to rescuers entering an unknown atmosphere. Whenever possible, Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus (SCBA) should be used.
IMMEDIATELY flood affected skin with water while removing and isolating all contaminated clothing. Gently wash all affected skin areas thoroughly with soap and water. If symptoms such as redness or irritation develop, IMMEDIATELY call a physician and be prepared to transport the victim to a hospital for treatment.
First check the victim for contact lenses and remove if present. Flush victim's eyes with water or normal saline solution for 20 to 30 minutes while simultaneously calling a hospital or poison control center. Do not put any ointments, oils, or medication in the victim's eyes without specific instructions from a physician. IMMEDIATELY transport the victim after flushing eyes to a hospital even if no symptoms (such as redness or irritation) develop.
USCG CHRIS Code