1-Chloro-2,2,2-Trifluoroethane

  • Chlorotrifluoroethane
  • Fluorocarbon 133a
Formula
C2H2ClF3
Structure
Description
1-Chloro-2,2,2-trifluoroethane is a colorless, odorless gas.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
75-88-7
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
200-912-0
RTECS
KH8008500
RTECS class
Tumorigen
UN (DOT)
1983
Beilstein/Gmelin
1733200
Beilstein Reference
4-01-00-00128
Swiss Giftliste 1
G-4078
Canada DSL/NDSL
NDSL
US TSCA
Listed
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C2H2ClF3
Formula mass
118.49
Melting point, °C
-105.5
Boiling point, °C
6.9
Vapor pressure, mmHg
1354 (25 C)
Vapor density (air=1)
4.1
Critical temperature
179
Critical pressure
40.4
Density
1.389 g/cm3 (0 C)
Solubility in water
8.9 g/L
Refractive index
1.309 (0 C)
Partition coefficient, pKow
1.93

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Keep in a cool, dry, dark location in a tightly sealed container or cylinder. Keep away from incompatible materials, ignition sources and untrained individuals. Secure and label area. Protect containers/cylinders from physical damage.
Handling
All chemicals should be considered hazardous. Avoid direct physical contact. Use appropriate, approved safety equipment. Untrained individuals should not handle this chemical or its container. Handling should occur in a chemical fume hood.
Protection
Cold-insulating gloves. Safety goggles or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.
Respirators
Wear positive pressure self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA).
Small spills/leaks
Attempt to stop leak if without undue personnel hazard.
Stability
No data.
Incompatibilities
Can react violently with strong reducing agents such as the very active metals and the active metals.

Fire.
Fire fighting
Extinguish fire using agent suitable for type of surrounding fire. (Material itself does not burn or burns with difficulty.) Cool all affected containers with flooding quantities of water. Apply water from as far a distance as possible.
Fire potential
May burn but does not ignite readily.
Hazards
Containers may explode when heated. Ruptured cylinders may rocket.
Combustion products
Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.

Health.
Poison_Class
5
Exposure effects
   Ingestion
Unlikely to occur.
   Inhalation
Acute effects - unconsciousness, suffocation.<BR>Chronic effects - Animal tests show that this substance may cause toxic effects upon human reproduction.
   Skin
Frostbite on contact with liquid.
   Eyes
See skin.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
Seek medical assistance.
   Inhalation
Move victim to fresh air. Apply artificial respiration if victim is not breathing. Administer oxygen if breathing is difficult.
   Skin
Remove and isolate contaminated clothing and shoes. In case of contact with liquefied gas, thaw frosted parts with lukewarm water.
   Eyes
If symptoms develop, immediately move individual away from exposure and into fresh air. Flush eyes gently with water for at least 15 minutes while holding eyelids apart; seek immediate medical attention.

Transport.
UN number
1983
Response guide
Hazard class
2.2
36. Halogenated hydrocarbons
Std. Transport #
4904599