1-(Chloromethyl)-3-nitrobenzene

Formula
C7H6ClNO2
Structure
Description
Yellow to brown solid.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
619-23-8
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
210-586-1
R 20/21/22 34
S 26 36/37/39 45
RTECS
XS9090000
RTECS class
Mutagen
UN (DOT)
2811
Beilstein/Gmelin
742794
Beilstein Reference
4-05-00-00855
Canada DSL/NDSL
NDSL
US TSCA
Listed
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C7H6ClNO2
Formula mass
171.58
Melting point, °C
43-46
Boiling point, °C
289
Vapor pressure, mmHg
0.004 (25 C)
Solubility in water
Insoluble
Refractive index
1.5577 (62 C)
Partition coefficient, pKow
2.22
Heat of vaporization
50.7 kJ/mol

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances. Keep away from water.
Handling
Keep container tightly closed. Do not get on skin or in eyes. Do not ingest or inhale. Use with adequate ventilation. Wash clothing before reuse.
Protection
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators
A respiratory protection program that meets OSHA's 29 CFR 1910.134 and ANSI Z88.2 requirements or European Standard EN 149 must be followed whenever workplace conditions warrant a respirator's use.
Small spills/leaks
Cover with sand, dry lime or soda ash and place in a closed container for disposal. Provide ventilation. Do not get water inside containers. Cover with plastic sheet to prevent spreading.
Stability
May decompose on exposure to moist air or water. Stable, however may violently decompose at temperatures above 125 C.
Incompatibilities
Oxidizing agents, bases, alcohols, amines, steel, moisture.
Decomposition
Hydrogen chloride, nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, chloride fumes.

Fire.
Flash Point,°C
129
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. Water runoff can cause environmental damage. Dike and collect water used to fight fire. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. Containers may explode when heated. Combustible material; may burn but does not ignite readily. Water hydrolyzes material liberating acidic gas which in contact with metal surfaces can generate flammable and/or explosive hydrogen gas. Extinguishing media: DO NOT USE WATER! In case of fire use water spray, dry chemical, carbon dioxide, or appropriate foam. In case of fire, use carbon dioxide, dry chemical powder or appropriate foam.
Fire potential
Non-combustible, substance itself does not burn but may decompose upon heating to produce corrosive and/or toxic fumes.
Hazards
Contact with metals may evolve flammable hydrogen gas.
Combustion products
Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.
Health
1
 
Flammability
0
 
 
Reactivity
1
 

Health.
Exposure effects
Effects may be delayed.
   Ingestion
May cause gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea.
   Inhalation
Causes respiratory tract irritation. May cause burning sensation, coughing, wheezing, laryngitis, shortness of breath, headache, nausea, and vomiting. Can produce delayed pulmonary edema.
   Skin
Causes skin irritation.
   Eyes
Causes eye irritation. Lachrymator. May cause chemical conjunctivitis.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid immediately. Do NOT induce vomiting. If conscious and alert, rinse mouth and drink 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water.
   Inhalation
Get medical aid immediately. Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen.
   Skin
Get medical aid immediately. Immediately flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes.
   Eyes
Flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid immediately. Do NOT allow victim to rub or keep eyes closed.

Transport.
UN number
2811
Response guide
Hazard class
6.1
Packing Group
I; II; III