1-Nitroguanidine

  • nitroguanidine
  • alpha-nitroguanidine
  • beta-Nitroguanidine
  • N''-Nitroguanidine
  • N(1)-Nitroguanidine
  • Picrite
Formula
CH4N4O2
Structure
Description
Shipped as a slurry or wet mass of pale yellow crystals.
Uses
explosive

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
556-88-7
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
209-143-5
RTECS
MF4600000
RTECS class
Drug; Mutagen; Primary Irritant
UN (DOT)
1336
Merck
12,6705
Beilstein/Gmelin
1756640
Beilstein Reference
4-03-00-00249
Canada DSL/NDSL
DSL
US TSCA
Listed
Austrailia AICS
Listed
New Zealand
Listed
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Listed
Korea ECL
Listed

Properties.
Formula
CH4N4O2
Formula mass
104.06
Boiling point, °C
219
Vapor pressure, mmHg
0.12 (25 C)
Density
0.91 g/cm3
Solubility in water
4.4 g/L (25 C)
pKa/pKb
2.53 (pKa)
Partition coefficient, pKow
-0.89
Heat of vaporization
45.6 kJ/mol
Heat of combustion
-880 kJ/mol

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Keep away from heat, sparks, and flame. Keep away from sources of ignition. Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances. Flammables-area.
Handling
Remove contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Use with adequate ventilation. Minimize dust generation and accumulation. Ground and bond containers when transferring material. Use spark-proof tools and explosion proof equipment. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Empty containers retain product residue, (liquid and/or vapor), and can be dangerous. Keep container tightly closed. Avoid contact with heat, sparks and flame. Avoid ingestion and inhalation. Do not pressurize, cut, weld, braze, solder, drill, grind, or expose empty containers to heat, sparks or open flames.
Protection
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
Small spills/leaks
Reduce airborne dust and prevent scattering by moistening with water. Clean up spills immediately, using the appropriate protective equipment. Sweep up, then place into a suitable container for disposal. Remove all sources of ignition. Use a spark-proof tool. Provide ventilation.
Stability
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Incompatibilities
Oxidizing agents.
Decomposition
Nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, irritating and toxic fumes and gases, carbon dioxide, nitrogen.

Fire.
Flash Point,°C
87
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. Dusts at sufficient concentrations can form explosive mixtures with air. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. Will burn if involved in a fire. Use water spray to keep fire-exposed containers cool. Containers may explode in the heat of a fire. This material poses an explosion hazard when dry. Flammable solid. Extinguishing media: For small fires, use dry chemical, carbon dioxide, water spray or alcohol-resistant foam. For large fires, use water spray, fog, or alcohol-resistant foam. Use water spray to cool fire-exposed containers. Do NOT use straight streams of water.
Fire potential
Flammable/combustible material.
Hazards
May be ignited by heat, sparks or flames. DRIED OUT material may explode if exposed to heat, flame, friction or shock; Treat as an explosive. Keep material wet with water or treat as an explosive. Runoff to sewer may create fire or explosion hazard. MAY EXPLODE AND THROW FRAGMENTS 1600 meters (1 MILE) OR MORE IF FIRE REACHES CARGO.
Combustion products
Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.
Health
1
 
Flammability
3
 
 
Reactivity
0
 

Health.
Exposure effects
   Ingestion
May cause gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea.
   Inhalation
May cause respiratory tract irritation. The toxicological properties of this substance have not been fully investigated.
   Skin
May cause skin irritation. The toxicological properties of this material have not been fully investigated.
   Eyes
May cause eye irritation. The toxicological properties of this material have not been fully investigated.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid. Do NOT induce vomiting. If conscious and alert, rinse mouth and drink 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water.
   Inhalation
Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid.
   Skin
Get medical aid. Flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash clothing before reuse.
   Eyes
Flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid.

Transport.
UN number
1336
Response guide
Hazard class
4.1
Packing Group
I
 
Std. Transport #
4901461