1-Nonene

  • 1-Nonylene
  • n-Heptylethylene
Formula
C9H18
Structure
Description
A clear colorless liquid with a gasoline-like odor.
Uses
Organic synthesis, wetting agent, lube oil additive, polymer gasoline. 1-Nonene, 1-nonylene.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
124-11-8
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
204-681-7
R 10 36/37/38
UN (DOT)
1993
Beilstein/Gmelin
1698439
Beilstein Reference
4-01-00-00894
Canada DSL/NDSL
NDSL
US TSCA
Listed
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Listed
Korea ECL
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C9H18
Formula mass
126.24
Melting point, °C
-88
Boiling point, °C
147
Vapor pressure, mmHg
5.8 (25 C)
Vapor density (air=1)
4.35
Critical temperature
327.8
Critical pressure
24.5
Density
0.7405 g/cm3 (20 C)
Solubility in water
Insoluble
Viscosity
0.851 sq mm/sec @ 20C
Surface tension
22.56 g/s2 @ 77 deg f
Refractive index
1.4160 (20 C)
Partition coefficient, pKow
5.15
Heat of vaporization
44.7 kJ/mol
Heat of combustion
-6015 kJ/mol

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Keep away from heat, sparks, and flame. Keep away from sources of ignition. Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances.
Handling
Wash thoroughly after handling. Use only in a well ventilated area. Ground and bond containers when transferring material. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Empty containers retain product residue, (liquid and/or vapor), and can be dangerous. Keep container tightly closed. Avoid contact with heat, sparks and flame. Avoid ingestion and inhalation. Do not pressurize, cut, weld, braze, solder, drill, grind, or expose empty containers to heat, sparks or open flames.
Protection
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
Small spills/leaks
Absorb spill with inert material, (e.g., dry sand or earth), then place into a chemical waste container. Remove all sources of ignition.
Stability
Stable under normal shipping and handling conditions.
Incompatibilities
Strong oxidizing agents.
Decomposition
Carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide.

Fire.
Flash Point,°C
25
Autoignition, °C
237
Upper exp. limit, %
6.4
Lower exp. limit, %
0.8
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. Use water spray to keep fire-exposed containers cool. Extinguishing media: Use water spray to cool fire-exposed containers. Use foam, dry chemical, or carbon dioxide. Water may be ineffective.
Fire potential
Quite flammable.
Hazards
Vapors may form explosive mixtures with air. Vapors may travel to source of ignition and flash back. Most vapors are heavier than air. They will spread along ground and collect in low or confined areas (sewers, basements, tanks). Vapor explosion hazard indoors, outdoors or in sewers.
Combustion products
Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.
Health
1
 
Flammability
3
 
 
Reactivity
1
 

Health.
Exposure effects
Chronic inhalation may cause effects similar to those of acute inhalation.
   Ingestion
May cause irritation of the digestive tract.
   Inhalation
Causes respiratory tract irritation. May cause drowsiness, unconsciousness, and central nervous system depression. Causes irritation of mucous membrane.
   Skin
Causes skin irritation. May cause reddening of the skin.
   Eyes
Causes eye irritation.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
Do NOT induce vomiting. If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Possible aspiration hazard. Get medical aid.
   Inhalation
Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid.
   Skin
Get medical aid. Flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes.
   Eyes
Flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid.

Transport.
UN number
1993
Response guide
Hazard class
3
Packing Group
I; II; III
 
USCG CHRIS Code
NON
 
Std. Transport #
4912259
 
IMO Chemical Code
17
IMO Pollution Category
B
IMO Hazard code
P