1-Pentyne

  • Pent-1-yne
  • Propylacetylene
Formula
C5H8
Structure
Description
Colorless liquid.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
627-19-0
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
210-987-1
EC Class
highly flammable
R 11 36/37/38 65
S 16 26 29 36 62
UN (DOT)
1993
Beilstein/Gmelin
1697133
Beilstein Reference
4-01-00-00990
Canada DSL/NDSL
NDSL
US TSCA
Listed
New Zealand
Listed
Korea ECL
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C5H8
Formula mass
68.12
Melting point, °C
-90
Boiling point, °C
40
Vapor pressure, mmHg
426 (25 C)
Vapor density (air=1)
2.35
Density
0.6901 g/cm3 (20C)
Solubility in water
Slightly soluble
Refractive index
1.3852 (20 C)
Partition coefficient, pKow
2.06
Heat of vaporization
29.7 kJ/mol
Heat of combustion
-3258 kJ/mol

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Keep away from heat, sparks, and flame. Keep away from sources of ignition. Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances. Flammables-area.
Handling
Wash thoroughly after handling. Use with adequate ventilation. Ground and bond containers when transferring material. Avoid breathing dust, vapor, mist, or gas. Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Empty containers retain product residue, (liquid and/or vapor), and can be dangerous. Keep container tightly closed. Avoid contact with heat, sparks and flame. Avoid ingestion and inhalation. Do not pressurize, cut, weld, braze, solder, drill, grind, or expose empty containers to heat, sparks or open flames.
Protection
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
Small spills/leaks
Absorb spill with inert material, (e.g., dry sand or earth), then place into a chemical waste container. Avoid runoff into storm sewers and ditches which lead to waterways. Remove all sources of ignition. Use a spark-proof tool. A vapor suppressing foam may be used to reduce vapors.
Disposal code
1
Stability
Stable under normal shipping and handling conditions.
Incompatibilities
Oxidizing agents
Decomposition
Carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide.

Fire.
Flash Point,°C
-43
Upper exp. limit, %
22.3
Lower exp. limit, %
1.6
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. Use foam, dry chemical, or carbon dioxide. Water may be ineffective.
Fire potential
Highly flammable.
Hazards
Vapors may form an explosive mixture with air. Vapors can travel to a source of ignition and flash back. Containers may explode in the heat of a fire.
Combustion products
Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.
Health
-
 
Flammability
3
 
 
Reactivity
3
 

Health.
Exposure effects
The toxological properties of this substance have not been fully investigated.
   Ingestion
May cause gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. The toxicological properties of this substance have not been fully investigated.
   Inhalation
The toxicological properties of this substance have not been fully investigated. Vapors may cause dizziness or suffocation. Causes upper respiratory tract irritation.
   Skin
Causes skin irritation.
   Eyes
Causes eye irritation.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid.
   Inhalation
Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid if cough or other symptoms appear.
   Skin
Flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Get medical aid if irritation develops or persists. Wash clothing before reuse.
   Eyes
Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid.

Transport.
UN number
1993
Response guide
Hazard class
3
Packing Group
I; II; III
 
USCG CHRIS Code
HFN
 
HS Code
2901 29 80