1-Tetradecanol

  • Myristyl alcohol
Formula
CH3(CH2)12CH2OH
Structure
Description
White solid.
Uses
Intermediate for synthetic lubricants, defoamers & surfactants tetradecanol.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
112-72-1
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
204-000-3
S 22 24/25
RTECS
XB8655000
RTECS class
Tumorigen; Primary Irritant
UN (DOT)
1986
Merck
12,6418
Beilstein/Gmelin
1742652
Beilstein Reference
4-01-00-01864
EPA OPP
1510
Swiss Giftliste 1
G-8917
Canada DSL/NDSL
DSL
US TSCA
Listed
Austrailia AICS
Listed
New Zealand
Listed
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Listed
Korea ECL
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C14H30O
Formula mass
214.39
Melting point, °C
37 - 39
Boiling point, °C
289
Vapor pressure, mmHg
0.0015 (25 C)
Critical temperature
430
Critical pressure
17.37
Density
0.907 g/cm3 (21 C)
Solubility in water
Insoluble
Viscosity
3.73 cp (80 C)
Refractive index
1.4383 (40 C)
Partition coefficient, pKow
6.03
Heat of vaporization
58.2 kJ/mol

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances.
Handling
Wash thoroughly after handling. Remove contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Use with adequate ventilation. Minimize dust generation and accumulation. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Keep container tightly closed. Avoid ingestion and inhalation.
Protection
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
Small spills/leaks
Vacuum or sweep up material and place into a suitable disposal container. Clean up spills immediately, using the appropriate protective equipment. Avoid generating dusty conditions. Provide ventilation.
Disposal code
3
Stability
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Incompatibilities
Oxidizing agents, acid chlorides, acid anhydrides.
Decomposition
Carbon monoxide, irritating and toxic fumes and gases, carbon dioxide.

Fire.
Flash Point,°C
145
Autoignition, °C
240
Upper exp. limit, %
3.5
Lower exp. limit, %
0.5
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. Runoff from fire control or dilution water may cause pollution. To extinguish fire, use water, dry chemical, chemical foam, or alcohol-resistant foam. Use agent most appropriate to extinguish fire.
Fire potential
Slightly flammable. Combustion requires preheating. Moderate hazard.
Hazards
Vapors may form explosive mixtures with air. Vapors may travel to source of ignition and flash back. Most vapors are heavier than air. They will spread along ground and collect in low or confined areas (sewers, basements, tanks). Vapor explosion and poison hazard indoors, outdoors or in sewers.
Combustion products
Fire will produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.
Health
0
 
Flammability
1
 
 
Reactivity
0
 

Health.
Poison_Class
5
Exposure effects
Effects may be delayed.
   Ingestion
May cause gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. The toxicological properties of this substance have not been fully investigated.
   Inhalation
May cause respiratory tract irritation. The toxicological properties of this substance have not been fully investigated.
   Skin
Causes skin irritation.
   Eyes
Causes eye irritation. May cause chemical conjunctivitis.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid. Do NOT induce vomiting. If conscious and alert, rinse mouth and drink 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water.
   Inhalation
Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid. DO NOT use mouth-to-mouth respiration. If breathing has ceased apply artificial respiration using oxygen and a suitable mechanical device such as a bag and a mask.
   Skin
Get medical aid. Flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash clothing before reuse.
   Eyes
Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid.

Transport.
UN number
1986
Response guide
Hazard class
3
Packing Group
I; II; III
 
USCG CHRIS Code
TTN
 
20 Alcohols, Glycols
HS Code
2905 19 00
 
IMO Chemical Code
18
IMO Pollution Category
III