1,1-Dichloro-1-nitropropane

  • Dichlorodinitroethane
  • Ethide
Formula
C2H3Cl2NO2
Structure
Description
A colorless liquid.
Uses
Fumigant for stored produce, in organic chemical synthesis.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
594-72-9
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
209-854-0
EC Index Number
610-002-00-9
EC Class
Toxic
RTECS
KI1050000
RTECS class
Agricultural Chemical and Pesticide; Mutagen
UN (DOT)
2650
Beilstein/Gmelin
1751184
Beilstein Reference
4-01-00-00173
EPA OPP
29701
Swiss Giftliste 1
G-1534
Austrailia AICS
Listed
New Zealand
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C2H3Cl2NO2
Formula mass
143.96
Boiling point, °C
125
Vapor pressure, mmHg
16 (25 C)
Vapor density (air=1)
5
Density
1.426 g/cm3 (20 C)
Solubility in water
3 g/L
Refractive index
1.4451 (20 C)
Partition coefficient, pKow
1.05

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
In general, materials which are toxic as stored or which can decomp into toxic components.Should be stored in a cool, well-ventilated place, out of direct rays of the sun, away from areas of high fire hazard, and should be periodically inspected. Incompatible materials should be isolated from each other.
Handling
All chemicals should be considered hazardous. Avoid direct physical contact. Use appropriate, approved safety equipment. Untrained individuals should not handle this chemical or its container. Handling should occur in a chemical fume hood.
Protection
Wear appropriate eye protection and protective clothing to prevent skin and eye contact.
Respirators
Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive pressure mode. Any supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece and operated in pressure-demand or other positive pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained breathing apparatus operated in pressure-demand or other positive pressure mode.
Small spills/leaks
Keep sparks, flames, and other sources of ignition away. Keep material out of water sources and sewers. Build dikes to contain flow as necessary. Do not use water.
Stability
No data.
Incompatibilities
Incompatible with oxidizers.

Fire.
Flash Point,°C
76 (open cup)
Fire fighting
Do not extinguish fire unless flow can be stopped. Extinguish fire using agent suitable for type of surrounding fire. (Material itself does not burn or burns with difficulty.) Use water in flooding quantities as fog. Cool all affected containers with flooding quantities of water. Apply water from as far a distance as possible. Use foam, dry chemical, or carbon dioxide. Keep run-off water out of sewers and water sources.
Fire potential
Moderate when exposed to heat or flame.
Hazards
When heated, vapors may form explosive mixtures with air: indoors, outdoors, and sewers explosion hazards.
Combustion products
Toxic gases and vapors, such as nitrogen oxides, hydrogen chloride, and carbon monoxide, may be released in a fire.
Health
3
 
Flammability
2
 
 
Reactivity
3
 

Health.
Exposure limit(s)
NIOSH REL: TWA 2 ppm (10 mg/m3) OSHA PEL: C 10 ppm (60 mg/m3) IDLH 25 ppm
Poison_Class
3
Exposure effects
Fatigue, restlessness, anxiety, mental confusion, lethargy, and loss of consciousness may be noted.
   Ingestion
Nausea, vomiting and abdominal pain may develop.
   Inhalation
Nitrogen oxides react with water in the respiratory tract to slowly form nitric and nitrous acid. Cough, hyperpnea and dyspnea will be seen. Rapid and shallow respirations, mild or violent coughing and physical signs of pulmonary edema may develop. Pulmonary edema may be delayed 4 to 24 hours.
   Skin
Cyanosis may occur.
   Eyes
Inflammation of the eye may occur.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
DO NOT INDUCE VOMITING. If the victim is conscious and not convulsing, give 1 or 2 glasses of water to dilute the chemical and IMMEDIATELY call a hospital or poison control center. Be prepared to transport the victim to a hospital if advised by a physician.
   Inhalation
IMMEDIATELY leave the contaminated area; take deep breaths of fresh air. If symptoms (such as wheezing, coughing, shortness of breath, or burning in the mouth, throat, or chest) develop, call a physician and be prepared to transport the victim to a hospital. Provide proper respiratory protection to rescuers entering an unknown atmosphere. Whenever possible, Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus (SCBA) should be used.
   Skin
IMMEDIATELY flood affected skin with water while removing and isolating all contaminated clothing. Gently wash all affected skin areas thoroughly with soap and water. If symptoms such as redness or irritation develop, IMMEDIATELY call a physician and be prepared to transport the victim to a hospital for treatment.
   Eyes
First check the victim for contact lenses and remove if present. Flush victim's eyes with water or normal saline solution for 20 to 30 minutes while simultaneously calling a hospital or poison control center. Do not put any ointments, oils, or medication in the victim's eyes without specific instructions from a physician. IMMEDIATELY transport the victim after flushing eyes to a hospital even if no symptoms (such as redness or irritation) develop.

Transport.
UN number
2650
Response guide
Hazard class
6.1
Packing Group
II
 
USCG CHRIS Code
DCT
 
42 Nitrocompounds
Std. Transport #
4921621