1,1,2-Trichlorotrifluoroethane

  • 1,1,2-Trichloro-1,2,2-trifluoroethane
  • Fluorocarbon 113
  • Freon 113
  • Frigen 113
  • Fronsolve 113
  • R 113
Formula
ClCF2CCl2F
Structure
Description
Colorless liquid with a sweet, ether-like odor similar to carbon tetrachloride.
Uses
Refrigerant.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
76-13-1
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
200-936-1
EC Class
dangerous for the environment
R 51/53 59
RTECS
KJ4000000
RTECS class
Drug; Reproductive Effector; Primary Irritant
UN (DOT)
3082
Beilstein/Gmelin
1740335
Beilstein Reference
4-01-00-00142
Swiss Giftliste 1
G-2014
Canada DSL/NDSL
DSL
US TSCA
Listed
Austrailia AICS
Listed
New Zealand
Listed
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Listed
Korea ECL
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C2Cl3F3
Formula mass
187.38
Melting point, °C
-35
Boiling point, °C
47.6
Vapor pressure, mmHg
274 (20 C)
Vapor density (air=1)
6.5
Saturation Concentration
2,754 g/m3 at 20 C (calculated)
Evaporization number
Greater than 1 (butyl acetate = 1)
Odor Threshold Odor threshold 45 ppm.
Critical temperature
214
Critical pressure
33.7
Density
1.5731 g/cm3 (20 C)
Solubility in water
Insoluble
Viscosity
0.698 cp (20 C)
Surface tension
19.85 g/s2 (0 C)
Dielectric constant
2.4 (20 C)
Partition coefficient, pKow
3.20
Heat of fusion
24.7 kJ/mol
Heat of vaporization
26.4 kJ/mol
Heat of combustion
-6416 kJ/mol

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Keep from contact with oxidizing materials. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances. Keep away from metals. Keep containers tightly closed. Do not store in aluminum containers.
Insufficient information
Handling
Wash thoroughly after handling. Remove contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Use with adequate ventilation. Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Avoid ingestion and inhalation.
Protection
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to minimize contact with skin.
Respirators
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
Small spills/leaks
Absorb spill with inert material, (e.g., dry sand or earth), then place into a chemical waste container. Avoid runoff into storm sewers and ditches which lead to waterways. Clean up spills immediately, using the appropriate protective equipment. Remove all sources of ignition. Provide ventilation.
Disposal code
2
Stability
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Incompatibilities
Incompatible with alkali or alkaline earth metals such as sodium,potassium, aluminum, barium, lithium, samarium, sodium-potassium alloy, titanium, zinc, magnesium, and beryllium.
Decomposition
Hydrogen chloride, phosgene, carbon monoxide, irritating and toxic fumes and gases, carbon dioxide, hydrogen fluoride.

Fire.
Autoignition, °C
680
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. Vapors may be flammable in vessels of adequate size. Extinguishing media: For small fires, use water spray, dry chemical, carbon dioxide or chemical foam. Use extinguishing media most appropriate for the surrounding fire. Cool containers with flooding quantities of water until well after fire is out.
Health
1
 
Flammability
0
 
 
Reactivity
0
 

Health.
Poison_Class
5
Exposure effects
Prolonged or repeated skin contact may cause defatting and dermatitis.
   Ingestion
Ingestion of large amounts may cause gastrointestinal irritation. Expected to be a low ingestion hazard.
   Inhalation
Inhalation of high concentrations may cause central nervous system effects characterized by headache, dizziness, unconsciousness and coma. Vapor reduces oxygen available for breathing. May cause respiratory tract irritation. May cause heart disturbances, possibly leading to cardiac arrest and death. May cause narcotic effects in high concentration.
   Skin
May cause skin irritation. Prolonged and/or repeated contact may cause defatting of the skin and dermatitis.
   Eyes
Contact produces irritation, tearing, and burning pain. May cause conjunctivitis.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
Do NOT induce vomiting. If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid.
   Inhalation
Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid. DO NOT use mouth-to-mouth respiration.
   Skin
Flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Get medical aid if irritation develops or persists. Wash clothing before reuse.
   Eyes
Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid.

Transport.
UN number
3082
Response guide
USCG CHRIS Code
TTF
 
36 Halogenated hydrocarbons
HS Code
2903 43 00
 
IMO Pollution Category
C
IMO Hazard code
P