Colorless liquid or crystalline solid with an aromatic odor.
Solvent in chemical manufacturing, dyes & intermediates, dielectric fluid, synthetic transformer oils, lubricants, heat-transfer medium, insecticides.
Registry Numbers and Inventories.
EC Index Number
Harmful; Irritant; Dangerous for the Environment
R 22 38 50/53
S 23 37/39 60 61
Tumorigen; Mutagen; Reproductive Effector; Primary Irritant
Swiss Giftliste 1
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Melting point, °C
Boiling point, °C
Vapor pressure, mmHg
Vapor density (air=1)
1316 ppm (0.1%) at 20 C (calculated)
Odor Threshold Odor threshold 3 ppm
1.4827 g/cm3 (0 C)
Solubility in water
32.90 cp (0 C)
39.1 g/s2 (20 C)
1.572 (20 C)
Partition coefficient, pKow
Heat of vaporization
Heat of combustion
Hazards and Protection.
Keep away from sources of ignition. Store in a cool, dry place. Store in a tightly closed container.
Wash thoroughly after handling. Remove contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Use with adequate ventilation. Avoid breathing dust, vapor, mist, or gas. Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Avoid ingestion and inhalation.
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to minimize contact with skin.
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
Absorb spill with inert material, (e.g., dry sand or earth), then place into a chemical waste container. Avoid runoff into storm sewers and ditches which lead to waterways. Clean up spills immediately, using the appropriate protective equipment. Scoop up with a nonsparking tool, then place into a suitable container for disposal. Remove all sources of ignition. Provide ventilation. Do not get water inside containers.
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Strong oxidizing agents.
Hydrogen chloride, phosgene, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide.
Upper exp. limit, %
Lower exp. limit, %
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. Will burn if involved in a fire. Use water spray to keep fire-exposed containers cool. Contact with metals may evolve flammable hydrogen gas. Containers may explode when heated. Combustible material; may burn but does not ignite readily. Extinguishing media: For small fires, use dry chemical, carbon dioxide, halon, or water spray. Do NOT get water inside containers. For large fires, use dry chemical, carbon dioxide, alcohol-resistant foam, or water spray. Cool containers with flooding quantities of water until well after fire is out.
Nonflammable but gives off combustible fumes.
When heated, vapors may form explosive mixtures with air: indoors, outdoors, and sewers explosion hazards.
May contain toxic hydrogen chloride and phosgene.
NIOSH REL: C 5 ppm (40 mg/m3)
Prolonged or repeated skin contact may cause dermatitis. May cause liver and kidney damage.
Harmful if swallowed. May cause gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. May cause a narcotic effect with possible coma. May cause central nervous system depression.
May cause respiratory tract irritation.
Causes skin irritation. May cause dermatitis.
May cause severe eye irritation.
Do NOT induce vomiting. If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid.
Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid.
Flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Get medical aid if irritation develops or persists. Wash clothing before reuse.
Flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid immediately.