1,3-Dichloro-5-nitrobenzene

  • 3,5-Dichloronitrobenzene
  • Benzene, 1,3-dichloro-5-nitro
Formula
C6H3Cl2NO2
Structure
Description
Crystalline solid.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
618-62-2
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
210-557-3
R 23/24/25 33
S 28 36/37/39 45
UN (DOT)
1578
Beilstein/Gmelin
2208877
Beilstein Reference
4-05-00-00727
Canada DSL/NDSL
NDSL
US TSCA
Listed
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C6H3Cl2NO2
Formula mass
192.00
Melting point, °C
64-65
Vapor density (air=1)
6.6
Density
1.69 g/cm3 (14 C)
Solubility in water
Insoluble
Surface tension
35.57 g/s2 (100 C)
Partition coefficient, pKow
3.06

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances.
Handling
All chemicals should be considered hazardous. Avoid direct physical contact. Use appropriate, approved safety equipment. Untrained individuals should not handle this chemical or its container. Handling should occur in a chemical fume hood.
Protection
Protective clothing. Safety goggles.
Respirators
Wear positive pressure self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA).
Small spills/leaks
Do not touch damaged containers or spilled material unless wearing appropriate protective clothing. Stop leak if you can do it without risk. Cover with plastic sheet to prevent spreading. Absorb or cover with dry earth, sand or other non-combustible material and transfer to containers. DO NOT GET WATER INSIDE CONTAINERS.
Stability
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Incompatibilities
Can react vigorously with oxidizing materials.
Decomposition
On contact with hot surfaces or flames this substance decomposes forming toxic and corrosive fumes of nitrogen oxides and HCl.

Fire.
Fire fighting
Small Fires: Dry chemical, carbon dioxide or water spray. Large Fires: Water spray, fog or regular foam.
Fire potential
Combustible material: may burn but does not ignite readily.
Hazards
Containers may explode when heated.
Combustion products
Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.

Health.
Exposure effects
   Ingestion
Blue lips, fingernails and skin. Dizziness, headache, labored breathing.
   Inhalation
Blue lips, fingernails and skin. Dizziness, headache. Irritates the eyes, skin and respiratory tract. May cause effects on the blood, resulting in formation of methaemoglobin. Effects may be delayed.
   Skin
Redness. BLue lips, fingernails or skin. See inhalation. May be absorbed through the skin.
   Eyes
Redness

First aid
 
   Ingestion
Seek medical assistance.
   Inhalation
Move victim to fresh air. Apply artificial respiration if victim is not breathing. Do not use mouth-to-mouth method if victim ingested or inhaled the substance; induce artificial respiration with the aid of a pocket mask equipped with a one-way valve or other proper respiratory medical device. Administer oxygen if breathing is difficult.
   Skin
Remove and isolate contaminated clothing and shoes. Immediately flush with running water for at least 20 minutes. For minor skin contact, avoid spreading material on unaffected skin.
   Eyes
Immediately flush with running water for at least 20 minutes.

Transport.
UN number
1578
Response guide
Hazard class
6.1
Packing Group
II