1,3-Dichlorobutane

  • Butane, 1,3-dichloro-
Formula
C4H8Cl2
Structure
Description
Clear, colorless liquid.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
1190-22-3
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
214-718-9
S 23 24/25
UN (DOT)
1127
Beilstein/Gmelin
1731216
Beilstein Reference
4-01-00-00250
Canada DSL/NDSL
NDSL
US TSCA
Listed
Austrailia AICS
Listed
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C4H8Cl2
Formula mass
127.01
Boiling point, °C
134
Vapor pressure, mmHg
10.2 (25 C)
Density
1.1158 g/cm3 (20C)
Solubility in water
Insoluble
Refractive index
1.4445 (20 C)
Partition coefficient, pKow
2.35
Heat of vaporization
42.2 kJ/mol

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Keep away from sources of ignition. Store in a cool, dry place. Store in a tightly closed container. Flammables-area.
Handling
Wash thoroughly after handling. Wash hands before eating. Remove contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Use only in a well ventilated area. Use spark-proof tools and explosion proof equipment. Avoid breathing dust, vapor, mist, or gas. Do not get on skin or in eyes. Do not ingest or inhale.
Protection
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
Small spills/leaks
Absorb spill with inert material, (e.g., dry sand or earth), then place into a chemical waste container. Clean up spills immediately, using the appropriate protective equipment. Scoop up with a nonsparking tool, then place into a suitable container for disposal.
Stability
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Incompatibilities
Strong oxidizing agents and strong bases.
Decomposition
Hydrogen chloride, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide.

Fire.
Flash Point,°C
30
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. Will burn if involved in a fire. Extinguishing media: Use foam, dry chemical, or carbon dioxide. Water may be ineffective.
Fire potential
HIGHLY FLAMMABLE: Will be easily ignited by heat, sparks or flames.
Hazards
Vapors may form explosive mixtures with air. Vapors may travel to source of ignition and flash back. Most vapors are heavier than air. They will spread along ground and collect in low or confined areas (sewers, basements, tanks). Vapor explosion hazard indoors, outdoors or in sewers.
Combustion products
Fire will produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.

Health.
Exposure effects
The toxological properties of this substance have not been fully investigated.
   Ingestion
May cause gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. The toxicological properties of this substance have not been fully investigated.
   Inhalation
Causes respiratory tract irritation. The toxicological properties of this substance have not been fully investigated.
   Skin
Causes skin irritation.
   Eyes
Causes eye irritation. Lachrymator.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
Do NOT induce vomiting. If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid.
   Inhalation
Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid if cough or other symptoms appear.
   Skin
Flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Get medical aid if irritation develops or persists.
   Eyes
Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid.

Transport.
UN number
1127
Response guide
Hazard class
3
Packing Group
II
 
USCG CHRIS Code
CLF
 
36 Halogenated hydrocarbons