1,3-Dichloropropan-2-ol

  • 1,3-Dichloro-2-propanol
  • 1,3-Dichloroisopropanol
Formula
ClCH2CH(OH)CH2Cl
Structure
Description
Colorless to yellow slightly viscous liquid with an ethereal odor.
Uses
Solvent for hard resins and nitrocellulose, manufacture photographic and zapon lacquer, cement for celluloid, binder for watercolors.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
96-23-1
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
202-491-9
EC Index Number
602-064-00-0
EC Class
Carcinogenic Category 2; Toxic; Harmful
R 45 21 25
RTECS
UB1400000
RTECS class
Tumorigen; Mutagen; Primary Irritant
UN (DOT)
2750
Merck
13,3100
Beilstein/Gmelin
1732063
Beilstein Reference
4-01-00-01491
Swiss Giftliste 1
G-1906
Canada DSL/NDSL
DSL
US TSCA
Listed
Austrailia AICS
Listed
New Zealand
Listed
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Listed
Korea ECL
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C3H6Cl2O
Formula mass
128.99
Melting point, °C
-4
Boiling point, °C
174
Vapor pressure, mmHg
0.8
Vapor density (air=1)
4.45
Density
1.3506 g/cm3 (17 C)
Solubility in water
Slightly soluble
Refractive index
1.47713 (16.9 C)

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Keep away from heat, sparks, and flame. Keep away from sources of ignition. Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances.
Handling
Wash thoroughly after handling. Use only in a well ventilated area. Ground and bond containers when transferring material. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Empty containers retain product residue, (liquid and/or vapor), and can be dangerous. Avoid ingestion and inhalation. Do not pressurize, cut, weld, braze, solder, drill, grind, or expose empty containers to heat, sparks or open flames.
Protection
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
Small spills/leaks
Absorb spill with inert material, (e.g., dry sand or earth), then place into a chemical waste container.
Disposal code
9
Stability
Unstable.
Incompatibilities
Strong oxidizing agents, strong reducing agents, strong acids, acid chlorides, acid anhydrides.
Decomposition
Hydrogen chloride, phosgene, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide.

Fire.
Flash Point,°C
85
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. Will burn if involved in a fire. Combustible Liquid. To extinguish fire use water fog, dry chemical, carbon dioxide or alcohol type foam.
Fire potential
This chemical is combustible.
Hazards
When heated, vapors may form explosive mixtures with air: indoors, outdoors, and sewers explosion hazards.
Combustion products
Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.
Health
2
 
Flammability
2
 
 
Reactivity
0
 

Health.
Poison_Class
1
Exposure effects
   Ingestion
Harmful if swallowed. May cause gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea.
   Inhalation
May cause respiratory tract irritation. May cause narcotic effects in high concentration.
   Skin
Causes mild skin irritation. Harmful if absorbed through the skin.
   Eyes
May cause eye irritation.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid immediately.
   Inhalation
Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid.
   Skin
Get medical aid immediately. Flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes.
   Eyes
Flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid.

Transport.
UN number
2750
Response guide
Hazard class
6.1
Packing Group
II
 
HS Code
2905 59 10