(1R,2S)-(-)-Ephedrine hydrochloride

  • (-)-2-Methylamino-1-phenyl-propane-1-ol hydrochloride
  • L-alpha-(1-Methylaminoethyl)benzyl alcohol
  • Ephedrine hydrochloride
  • N-Methyl-beta-oxy-beta-phenylisopropylaminhydrochloride
Formula
C10H15NO.ClH
Structure
Description
Colorless or white powder

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
50-98-6
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
200-074-6
RTECS
KB1750000
RTECS class
Drug; Human Data
Beilstein/Gmelin
3630391
Canada DSL/NDSL
DSL
US TSCA
Listed
Austrailia AICS
Listed
New Zealand
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C10H15NO*ClH
Formula mass
201.72
Melting point, °C
217-220
Solubility in water
Soluble

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances. Store protected from light.
Handling
Wash thoroughly after handling. Remove contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Use with adequate ventilation. Minimize dust generation and accumulation. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Avoid ingestion and inhalation. Store protected from light.
Protection
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators
A respiratory protection program that meets OSHA's 29 CFR 1910.134 and ANSI Z88.2 requirements or European Standard EN 149 must be followed whenever workplace conditions warrant a respirator's use.
Small spills/leaks
Sweep up, then place into a suitable container for disposal. Avoid generating dusty conditions. Provide ventilation.
Stability
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures. Light sensitive.
Incompatibilities
Oxidizing agents, direct light.
Decomposition
Hydrogen chloride, nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, irritating and toxic fumes and gases, carbon dioxide, nitrogen.

Fire.
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. To extinguish fire use water spray, dry chemical, carbon dioxide, or appropriate foam.
Health
1
 
Flammability
0
 
 
Reactivity
0
 

Health.
Exposure effects
The toxicological properties of this substance have not been fully investigated.
   Ingestion
May cause irritation of the digestive tract. The toxicological properties of this substance have not been fully investigated.
   Inhalation
May cause respiratory tract irritation. The toxicological properties of this substance have not been fully investigated.
   Skin
May cause skin irritation. Contact with the skin may cause a local anesthetic effect.
   Eyes
May cause eye irritation.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid. Do NOT induce vomiting. If conscious and alert, rinse mouth and drink 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water.
   Inhalation
Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid.
   Skin
Get medical aid. Flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash clothing before reuse.
   Eyes
Flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid.

Transport.