2-Acetoxyisobutyryl bromide

  • a-Acetoxyisobutyryl bromide
  • Propanoyl bromide, 2-(acetyloxy)-2-methyl-
  • Mattock's bromide
Formula
C6H9BrO3
Structure
Description
Clear very slight yellow liquid. Bromine-like odor.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
40635-67-4
EC Class
corrosive
R 14 34 37
S 26 36/37/39 45
UN (DOT)
1760
Beilstein/Gmelin
2432585
Austrailia AICS
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C6H9BrO3
Formula mass
209.05
Boiling point, °C
100
Vapor density (air=1)
7.21
Density
1.431 g/cm3
Solubility in water
Insoluble
Refractive index
1.46 (20 C)

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Keep container closed when not in use. Corrosives area. Refrigerator (approx 4 C). Storage under a nitrogen blanket has been recommended. Store protected from moisture.
Handling
Keep container tightly closed. Do not get on skin or in eyes. Do not ingest or inhale. Use with adequate ventilation. Do not allow contact with water. Discard contaminated shoes. Keep from contact with moist air and steam.
Protection
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to minimize contact with skin.
Respirators
A respiratory protection program that meets OSHA's 29 CFR 1910.134 and ANSI Z88.2 requirements or European Standard EN 149 must be followed whenever workplace conditions warrant a respirator's use.
Small spills/leaks
Absorb spill with inert material, (e.g., dry sand or earth), then place into a chemical waste container. Avoid runoff into storm sewers and ditches which lead to waterways. Clean up spills immediately, using the appropriate protective equipment. Remove all sources of ignition. Provide ventilation. Do not get water inside containers.
Stability
Stable at room temperature in closed containers under normal storage and handling conditions.
Incompatibilities
Moisture, strong oxidizing agents.
Decomposition
Carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, hydrogen bromide, bromide fumes.

Fire.
Flash Point,°C
> 110
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. Containers may explode when heated. Extinguishing media: Use extinguishing media most appropriate for the surrounding fire. Do NOT get water inside containers. Cool containers with flooding quantities of water until well after fire is out.
Fire potential
Non-combustible, substance itself does not burn but may decompose upon heating to produce corrosive and/or toxic fumes.
Hazards
Contact with metals may evolve flammable hydrogen gas.
Combustion products
Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.
Health
3
 
Flammability
1
 
 
Reactivity
0
 

Health.
Exposure effects
Effects may be delayed.
   Ingestion
May cause severe and permanent damage to the digestive tract. Causes gastrointestinal tract burns. May cause perforation of the digestive tract. May cause systemic effects.
   Inhalation
May cause severe irritation of the respiratory tract with sore throat, coughing, shortness of breath and delayed lung edema. Causes chemical burns to the respiratory tract. Aspiration may lead to pulmonary edema. May cause systemic effects.
   Skin
May cause severe irritation and possible burns. May cause skin rash (in milder cases), and cold and clammy skin with cyanosis or pale color.
   Eyes
Contact with eyes may cause severe irritation, and possible eye burns. May cause chemical conjunctivitis and corneal damage.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
Do NOT induce vomiting. If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid immediately.
   Inhalation
Get medical aid immediately. Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. DO NOT use mouth-to-mouth respiration. If breathing has ceased apply artificial respiration using oxygen and a suitable mechanical device such as a bag and a mask.
   Skin
Get medical aid immediately. Immediately flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash clothing before reuse. Destroy contaminated shoes.
   Eyes
Get medical aid immediately. Do NOT allow victim to rub or keep eyes closed. Extensive irrigation is required (at least 30 minutes).

Transport.
UN number
1760
Response guide
Hazard class
8
Packing Group
I; II; III
 
HS Code
2918 19 80