2-Amino-2-methylbutanenitrile

  • 2-Amino-2-methylbutyronitrile;
  • 1-Cyano-1-methylpropylamine
  • Isovalinonitrile
  • Vazo-67-aminonitrile
Formula
C5H10N2
Structure
Description
A yellow liquid with an ammonia-like odor.
Uses
Used to make other chemicals.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
4475-95-0
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
224-752-6
RTECS
EK4787500
RTECS class
Other
Beilstein/Gmelin
635847
Beilstein Reference
3-04-00-01362
Canada DSL/NDSL
NDSL
US TSCA
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C5H10N2
Formula mass
98.17
Boiling point, °C
87.5 - 88.5 (55 torr)
Density
0.9 g/cm3
Solubility in water
Very soluble
Refractive index
1.4282 (20 C)
pKa/pKb
8.88 (pKb)

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Keep in a cool, dry, dark location in a tightly sealed container or cylinder. Keep away from incompatible materials, ignition sources and untrained individuals. Secure and label area. Protect containers/cylinders from physical damage.
Handling
All chemicals should be considered hazardous. Avoid direct physical contact. Use appropriate, approved safety equipment. Untrained individuals should not handle this chemical or its container. Handling should occur in a chemical fume hood.
Protection
Chemical splash goggles in compliance with OSHA regulations are advised; however, OSHA regulations also permit other type safety glasses. Whre chemical resistant gloves. To prevent repeated or prolonged skin contact, wear impervious clothing and boots.
Respirators
Use NIOSH/MSHA approved respirator appropriate for exposure of concern.
Small spills/leaks
Keep sparks, flames, and other sources of ignition away. Keep material out of water sources and sewers. Build dikes to contain flow as necessary. Attempt to stop leak if without undue personnel hazard. Apply water spray or mist to knock down vapors. Land spill: Dig a pit, pond, lagoon, holding area to contain liquid or solid material. Dike surface flow using soil, sand bags, foamed polyurethane, or foamed concrete. Absorb bulk liquid with fly ash, cement powder, or commercial sorbents. Water spill: Use natural barriers or oil spill control booms to limit spill travel. Remove trapped material with suction hoses.
Stability
No data.
Incompatibilities
Incompatible with acids; mixing nitriles with strong oxidizing acids can lead to extremely violent reactions Incompatible with other oxidizing agents such as peroxides and epoxides Can react vigorously with reducing agents.

Fire.
Fire fighting
Use water in flooding quantities as fog. Solid streams of water may be ineffective. Use alcohol foam, dry chemical or carbon dioxide. Keep run-off water out of sewers and water sources.

Health.
Exposure effects
The toxicological properties of this material have not been investigated.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
Seek medical attention. If individual is drowsy or unconscious, do not give anything by mouth; place individual on the left side with the head down. Contact a physician, medical facility, or poison control center for advice about whether to induce vomiting. If possible, do not leave individual unattended.
   Inhalation
If symptoms develop, move individual away from exposure and into fresh air. If symptoms persist, seek medical attention. If breathing is difficult, administer oxygen. Keep person warm and quiet; seek immediate medical attention.
   Skin
Remove contaminated clothing. Wash exposed area with soap and water. If symptoms persist, seek medical attention. Launder clothing before reuse.
   Eyes
If symptoms develop, immediately move individual away from exposure and into fresh air. Flush eyes gently with water for at least 15 minutes while holding eyelids apart; seek immediate medical attention.

Transport.
Std. Transport #
4907407