2-Bromoethyl ethyl ether

  • 1-Bromo-2-ethoxyethane
Formula
Br-CH2CH2-O-CH2CH3
Structure
Description
A colorless liquid.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
592-55-2
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
209-763-6
EC Class
flammable, irritant
R 10 36/37/38
S 16 26 36
UN (DOT)
2340
Beilstein/Gmelin
1731362
Beilstein Reference
4-01-00-01386
Canada DSL/NDSL
NDSL
US TSCA
Listed
New Zealand
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C4H9BrO
Formula mass
153.02
Melting point, °C
-57
Boiling point, °C
127-129
Vapor pressure, mmHg
14 (25 C)
Vapor density (air=1)
5.27
Critical temperature
322
Critical pressure
41.1
Density
1.394 g/cm3 (20 C)
Solubility in water
Slightly soluble
Surface tension
30.27 g/s2 (16 C)
Refractive index
1.4447 (20 C)
Partition coefficient, pKow
1.43
Heat of vaporization
35.0 kJ/mol

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Keep away from sources of ignition. Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a dry area. Flammables-area. Refrigerator (approx 4 C).
Handling
Ground and bond containers when transferring material. Use spark-proof tools and explosion proof equipment. Avoid breathing dust, vapor, mist, or gas. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Empty containers retain product residue, (liquid and/or vapor), and can be dangerous. Keep container tightly closed. Avoid contact with heat, sparks and flame. Avoid ingestion and inhalation. Use with adequate ventilation. Wash clothing before reuse. Do not pressurize, cut, weld, braze, solder, drill, grind, or expose empty containers to heat, sparks or open flames.
Protection
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
Small spills/leaks
Absorb spill with inert material, (e.g., dry sand or earth), then place into a chemical waste container. Avoid runoff into storm sewers and ditches which lead to waterways. Clean up spills immediately, using the appropriate protective equipment. Remove all sources of ignition. Use a spark-proof tool. Provide ventilation. A vapor suppressing foam may be used to reduce vapors.
Stability
Stable at room temperature in closed containers under normal storage and handling conditions.
Incompatibilities
Oxidizing agents, strong bases.
Decomposition
Carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, hydrogen bromide.

Fire.
Flash Point,°C
21
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. Will burn if involved in a fire. Use water spray to keep fire-exposed containers cool. Containers may explode in the heat of a fire. Extinguishing media: For small fires, use dry chemical, carbon dioxide, water spray or alcohol-resistant foam. For large fires, use water spray, fog, or alcohol-resistant foam. Use water spray to cool fire-exposed containers. Water may be ineffective. Do NOT use straight streams of water.
Fire potential
HIGHLY FLAMMABLE.
Hazards
Vapors may form explosive mixtures with air. Vapors may travel to source of ignition and flash back. Most vapors are heavier than air. They will spread along ground and collect in low or confined areas (sewers, basements, tanks). Vapor explosion hazard indoors, outdoors or in sewers. May polymerize explosively when heated or involved in a fire. Runoff to sewer may create fire or explosion hazard. Containers may explode when heated. Many liquids are lighter than water.
Combustion products
Fire will produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.
Health
2
 
Flammability
3
 
 
Reactivity
0
 

Health.
Poison_Class
4 (Substances and products that must be considered harmful)
Exposure effects
May cause liver and kidney damage. Effects may be delayed.
   Ingestion
May cause gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. May cause liver and kidney damage. May cause cardiac disturbances. Ingestion of large amounts may cause CNS depression.
   Inhalation
Causes respiratory tract irritation. May cause liver and kidney damage. May cause effects similar to those described for ingestion. Aspiration may lead to pulmonary edema. Vapors may cause dizziness or suffocation. May cause cardiac abnormalities. May cause burning sensation in the chest.
   Skin
May cause irritation and dermatitis. May cause cyanosis of the extremities.
   Eyes
Produces irritation, characterized by a burning sensation, redness, tearing, inflammation, and possible corneal injury. Lachrymator. May cause chemical conjunctivitis and corneal damage.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid. Do NOT induce vomiting. If conscious and alert, rinse mouth and drink 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water.
   Inhalation
Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid. DO NOT use mouth-to-mouth respiration. If breathing has ceased apply artificial respiration using oxygen and a suitable mechanical device such as a bag and a mask.
   Skin
Get medical aid. Flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash clothing before reuse.
   Eyes
Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid immediately. Do NOT allow victim to rub or keep eyes closed.

Transport.
UN number
2340
Response guide
Hazard class
3
Packing Group
II
 
HS Code
2909 19 00