2-Chloro-1-propanol

  • 2-Chloropropanol
  • 2-Chloropropyl alcohol
  • 1-Hydroxy-2-chloropropane
  • Propylenechlorohydrin
  • 2-Chloropropan-1-ol
Formula
CH3CHClCH2OH
Structure
Description
Clear colorless liquid with a pleasant odor.
Uses
In prepn of propylene oxide.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
78-89-7
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
201-154-3
RTECS
UA8925000
RTECS class
Primary Irritant
UN (DOT)
2611
Merck
12,8035
Beilstein/Gmelin
1718877
Beilstein Reference
3-01-00-01424
Canada DSL/NDSL
DSL
US TSCA
Listed
Austrailia AICS
Listed
New Zealand
Listed
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C3H7ClO
Formula mass
94.54
Boiling point, °C
133
Vapor pressure, mmHg
5
Vapor density (air=1)
3.26
Density
1.1122 g/cm3
Solubility in water
soluble
Refractive index
1.4362 (20 C)

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Keep in a cool, dry, dark location in a tightly sealed container or cylinder. Keep away from incompatible materials, ignition sources and untrained individuals. Secure and label area. Protect containers/cylinders from physical damage.
Handling
All chemicals should be considered hazardous. Avoid direct physical contact. Use appropriate, approved safety equipment. Untrained individuals should not handle this chemical or its container. Handling should occur in a chemical fume hood.
Protection
Wear appropriate protective gloves, clothing and goggles.
Respirators
Wear a NIOSH-approved half face respirator equipped with an organic vapor/acid gas cartridge (specific for organic vapors, HCl, acid gas and SO2) with a dust/mist filter. Splash proof safety goggles should be worn while handling this chemical. Alternatively, a full face respirator, equipped as above, may be used to provide simultaneous eye and respiratory protection.
Small spills/leaks
If you should spill this chemical, use absorbent paper to pick up all liquid spill material. Seal the absorbent paper, as well as any of your clothing which may be contaminated, in a vapor-tight plastic bag for eventual disposal. Wash any surfaces you may have contaminated with a soap and water solution. Do not reenter the contaminated area until the Safety Officer (or other responsible person) has verified that the area has been properly cleaned.
Stability
No data.
Incompatibilities
May be sensitive to prolonged exposure to light Can react with oxidizing agents.

Fire.
Flash Point,°C
51
Fire fighting
Fires involving this material can be controlled with a dry chemical, carbon dioxide or Halon extinguisher.
Fire potential
HIGHLY FLAMMABLE: Will be easily ignited by heat, sparks or flames.
Hazards
Vapors may form explosive mixtures with air. Vapors may travel to source of ignition and flash back. Most vapors are heavier than air. They will spread along ground and collect in low or confined areas (sewers, basements, tanks). Vapor explosion and poison hazard indoors, outdoors or in sewers.
Combustion products
Fire will produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.
Health
2
 
Flammability
2
 
 
Reactivity
0
 

Health.
Exposure effects
Headache, dizziness, giddiness, ataxia, sedation and coma may occur.
   Ingestion
Nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea are common. Gastrointestinal hemorrhage can occur.
   Inhalation
Inhalation causes pulmonary tract irritation and rarely pulmonary edema. Severe respiratory depression or death has not been reported after inhalation.
   Skin
Dermatitis of varying severity may be noted. Drying and fissuring of the skin may be noted following chronic exposure.
   Eyes
See inhalation.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
DO NOT INDUCE VOMITING. If the victim is conscious and not convulsing, give 1 or 2 glasses of water to dilute the chemical and IMMEDIATELY call a hospital or poison control center. Be prepared to transport the victim to a hospital if advised by a physician.
   Inhalation
IMMEDIATELY leave the contaminated area; take deep breaths of fresh air. If symptoms (such as wheezing, coughing, shortness of breath, or burning in the mouth, throat, or chest) develop, call a physician and be prepared to transport the victim to a hospital. Provide proper respiratory protection to rescuers entering an unknown atmosphere. Whenever possible, Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus (SCBA) should be used.
   Skin
IMMEDIATELY flood affected skin with water while removing and isolating all contaminated clothing. Gently wash all affected skin areas thoroughly with soap and water. If symptoms such as redness or irritation develop, IMMEDIATELY call a physician and be prepared to transport the victim to a hospital for treatment.
   Eyes
First check the victim for contact lenses and remove if present. Flush victim's eyes with water or normal saline solution for 20 to 30 minutes while simultaneously calling a hospital or poison control center. Do not put any ointments, oils, or medication in the victim's eyes without specific instructions from a physician. IMMEDIATELY transport the victim after flushing eyes to a hospital even if no symptoms (such as redness or irritation) develop.

Transport.
UN number
2611
Response guide
Hazard class
6.1
Packing Group
II