2-Chloropropane

  • Isopropyl chloride
Formula
CH3CHClCH3
Structure
Description
Colorless liquid.
Uses
Solvent, intermediate.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
75-29-6
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
200-858-8
EC Index Number
602-018-00-X
EC Class
Highly flammable; Harmful
R 11 20/21/22
RTECS
TX4410000
RTECS class
Mutagen
UN (DOT)
2356
Merck
13,5231
Beilstein/Gmelin
1730782
Beilstein Reference
4-01-00-00191
Swiss Giftliste 1
G-4405
Canada DSL/NDSL
DSL
US TSCA
Listed
Austrailia AICS
Listed
New Zealand
Listed
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Listed
Korea ECL
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C3H7Cl
Formula mass
78.54
Melting point, °C
-117
Boiling point, °C
35.74
Vapor pressure, mmHg
489 (25 C)
Vapor density (air=1)
2.7
Critical temperature
211
Density
0.8869 g/cm3 (0 C)
Solubility in water
3 g/L
Viscosity
0.34 cp (15 C)
Surface tension
19.91 g/s2 (16 C)
Refractive index
1.379 (15 C)
Partition coefficient, pKow
1.85
Heat of vaporization
27.0 kJ/mol

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Keep away from heat, sparks, and flame. Keep away from sources of ignition. Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances. Flammables-area.
Handling
Wash thoroughly after handling. Use only in a well ventilated area. Ground and bond containers when transferring material. Use spark-proof tools and explosion proof equipment. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Empty containers retain product residue, (liquid and/or vapor), and can be dangerous. Keep container tightly closed. Avoid contact with heat, sparks and flame. Avoid ingestion and inhalation. Do not pressurize, cut, weld, braze, solder, drill, grind, or expose empty containers to heat, sparks or open flames.
Protection
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
Small spills/leaks
Absorb spill with inert material, (e.g., dry sand or earth), then place into a chemical waste container. Avoid runoff into storm sewers and ditches which lead to waterways. Clean up spills immediately, using the appropriate protective equipment. Remove all sources of ignition. Use a spark-proof tool. Provide ventilation. A vapor suppressing foam may be used to reduce vapors.
Disposal code
2
Stability
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Incompatibilities
Strong oxidizing agents.
Decomposition
Hydrogen chloride, nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide.

Fire.
Flash Point,°C
-36
Autoignition, °C
590
Upper exp. limit, %
10.7
Lower exp. limit, %
2.8
Fire fighting
A fire in your laboratory involving this chemical should be extinguished with a dry chemical, carbon dioxide or halon extinguisher.
Fire potential
HIGHLY FLAMMABLE.
Hazards
Vapors may form explosive mixtures with air. Vapors may travel to source of ignition and flash back. Most vapors are heavier than air. They will spread along ground and collect in low or confined areas (sewers, basements, tanks). Vapor explosion hazard indoors, outdoors or in sewers. May polymerize explosively when heated or involved in a fire. Runoff to sewer may create fire or explosion hazard. Containers may explode when heated. Many liquids are lighter than water.
Combustion products
Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.
Health
2
 
Flammability
4
 
 
Reactivity
0
 

Health.
Poison_Class
3
Exposure effects
May cause liver and kidney damage.
   Ingestion
May cause gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. May cause liver and kidney damage. May cause nausea and vomiting. Ingestion of large amounts may cause CNS depression.
   Inhalation
Inhalation of high concentrations may cause central nervous system effects characterized by headache, dizziness, unconsciousness and coma. May cause respiratory tract irritation. May cause liver and kidney damage. Aspiration may lead to pulmonary edema. Vapors may cause dizziness or suffocation. May cause burning sensation in the chest.
   Skin
May cause irritation and dermatitis. May cause cyanosis of the extremities.
   Eyes
May cause eye irritation. May cause chemical conjunctivitis and corneal damage.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
Do NOT induce vomiting. If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid.
   Inhalation
Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid. DO NOT use mouth-to-mouth respiration. If breathing has ceased apply artificial respiration using oxygen and a suitable mechanical device such as a bag and a mask.
   Skin
Get medical aid if irritation develops or persists. Wash clothing before reuse. Flush skin with plenty of soap and water.
   Eyes
Flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid.

Transport.
UN number
2356
Response guide
Hazard class
3
Packing Group
I
 
USCG CHRIS Code
CLF
 
36 Halogenated hydrocarbons
HS Code
2903 19 80
 
Std. Transport #
4908117