2-Fluoroacetamide

  • Fluoroacetic acid amide
Formula
CH2FCONH2
Structure
Description
Colorless crystalline powder.
Uses
The material is used as a rat poison.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
640-19-7
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
211-363-1
EC Index Number
616-002-00-5
EC Class
Very toxic; Toxic
RTECS
AC1225000
RTECS class
Agricultural Chemical and Pesticide; Mutagen; Reproductive Effector; Human Data
UN (DOT)
2811
Merck
12,4204
Beilstein/Gmelin
1739054
Beilstein Reference
4-02-00-00454
RCRA
P057
Swiss Giftliste 1
G-1630
Canada DSL/NDSL
NDSL
US TSCA
Listed
New Zealand
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C2H4FNO
Formula mass
77.06
Melting point, °C
119
Boiling point, °C
259
Vapor pressure, mmHg
0.013 (25 C)
Solubility in water
Very soluble
Partition coefficient, pKow
-1.05
Heat of vaporization
49.7 kJ/mol
Heat of combustion
-1045 kJ/mol

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances. Poison room locked.
Handling
Wash thoroughly after handling. Use with adequate ventilation. Minimize dust generation and accumulation. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Keep container tightly closed. Avoid ingestion and inhalation.
Protection
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators
A respiratory protection program that meets OSHA's 29 CFR 1910.134 and ANSI Z88.2 requirements or European Standard EN 149 must be followed whenever workplace conditions warrant a respirator's use.
Small spills/leaks
Avoid runoff into storm sewers and ditches which lead to waterways. Clean up spills immediately, using the appropriate protective equipment. Sweep up, then place into a suitable container for disposal. Avoid generating dusty conditions. Provide ventilation.
Stability
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Incompatibilities
Oxidizing agents.
Decomposition
Nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, irritating and toxic fumes and gases, carbon dioxide, hydrogen fluoride, nitrogen.

Fire.
Flash Point,°C
110
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. Non-combustible, substance itself does not burn but may decompose upon heating to produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic fumes. Extinguishing media: Substance is noncombustible; use agent most appropriate to extinguish surrounding fire.
Fire potential
Non-combustible, substance itself does not burn but may decompose upon heating to produce corrosive and/or toxic fumes.
Hazards
Emits very toxic fumes of fluorine containing compounds and nitrogen oxides when heated to decomposition. Avoid decomposing heat.
Combustion products
Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.
Health
3
 
Flammability
0
 
 
Reactivity
0
 

Health.
Poison_Class
1*
Exposure effects
Reproductive effects have been reported in animals.
   Ingestion
May be fatal if swallowed. May cause gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. May cause alopecia (loss of hair). Human fatalities have been reported from acute poisoning. May produce convulsions, and coma.
   Inhalation
May cause respiratory tract irritation.
   Skin
May cause skin irritation. May be absorbed through the skin.
   Eyes
May cause eye irritation.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid. Induce vomiting by giving one teaspoon of Syrup of Ipecac. If conscious drink water, then induce vomiting. If unconscious, immediately take victim to a physician and do NOT attempt to induce vomiting.
   Inhalation
Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid. Do not use mouth-to-mouth respiration if victim ingested or inhaled the substance; induce artificial respiration with the aid of a pocket mask equipped with a one-way valve or other proper respiratory medical device.
   Skin
Get medical aid. Flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash clothing before reuse.
   Eyes
Flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid.

Transport.
UN number
2811
Response guide
Hazard class
6.1
Packing Group
I; II; III
 
USCG CHRIS Code
FLM