2-Furancarbonitrile

  • 2-Furylcarbonitrile
  • 2-Furfuryl cyanide
  • 2-Furonitrile
  • 2-Cyanofuran
Formula
C5H3NO
Structure
Description
Clear, colorless liquid.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
617-90-3
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
210-537-4
R 10 20/21/22
S 23 36/37
UN (DOT)
2929
Beilstein/Gmelin
107033
Beilstein Reference
5-18-06-00122

Properties.
Formula
C5H3NO
Formula mass
93.08
Boiling point, °C
146
Vapor pressure, mmHg
4 (25 C)
Density
1.085 g/cm3 (20 C)
Solubility in water
Soluble
Refractive index
1.4798 (20 C)
Partition coefficient, pKow
0.94
Heat of vaporization
38.7 kJ/mol

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Store in a cool, dry place. Store in a tightly closed container. Flammables-area.
Handling
Avoid breathing dust, vapor, mist, or gas. Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Use only in a chemical fume hood.
Protection
Eyes: Wear chemical goggles. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear a chemical apron.
Respirators
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
Small spills/leaks
Absorb spill with inert material, (e.g., dry sand or earth), then place into a chemical waste container. Remove all sources of ignition. Use a spark-proof tool.
Stability
No data.
Incompatibilities
Strong acids - strong bases - strong oxidizing agents - strong reducing agents.
Decomposition
Hydrogen cyanide, nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide.

Fire.
Flash Point,°C
35
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. Containers may explode in the heat of a fire. To extinguish fire use water spray, dry chemical, carbon dioxide, or chemical foam.
Fire potential
HIGHLY FLAMMABLE: Will be easily ignited by heat, sparks or flames.
Hazards
Vapors may form explosive mixtures with air. Vapors may travel to source of ignition and flash back. Most vapors are heavier than air. They will spread along ground and collect in low or confined areas (sewers, basements, tanks). Vapor explosion and poison hazard indoors, outdoors or in sewers.
Combustion products
Fire will produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.

Health.
Exposure effects
   Ingestion
Harmful if swallowed. The toxicological properties of this substance have not been fully investigated.
   Inhalation
Harmful if inhaled. May cause respiratory tract irritation.
   Skin
May cause skin irritation.
   Eyes
May cause eye irritation.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
Get medical aid. Wash mouth out with water.
   Inhalation
Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. Get medical aid if cough or other symptoms appear.
   Skin
Flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Get medical aid if irritation develops or persists.
   Eyes
Flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid.

Transport.
UN number
2929
Response guide
Hazard class
6.1
Packing Group
I; II