- Formic-d acid d
Clear, colorless liquid.
Registry Numbers and Inventories.
S 23.2 26 36/37/39 45
Melting point, °C
Boiling point, °C
Vapor pressure, mmHg
35 (25 C)
Solubility in water
Partition coefficient, pKow
Heat of vaporization
Hazards and Protection.
Do not store near combustible materials. Store in a cool, dry place. Store in a tightly closed container. Keep under a nitrogen blanket. Refrigerator (approx 4 C).
Contents may develop pressure upon prolonged storage. Do not breathe dust, vapor, mist, or gas. Do not get in eyes, on skin, or on clothing. Use only in a chemical fume hood.
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to minimize contact with skin.
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
Absorb spill with inert material, (e.g., dry sand or earth), then place into a chemical waste container.
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Strong oxidizing agents - strong bases - finely powered metals - concentrated sulphuric acid - metals - lyes - aluminium - organic nitro compounds - non-metal oxides - hydrated thallium nitrate - permanganates - hydrogen peroxide - furfuryl alcohol - strong oxidizers - strong caustics.
Carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, hydrogen gas.
Upper exp. limit, %
Lower exp. limit, %
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. Will burn if involved in a fire. To extinguish fire, use water, dry chemical, chemical foam, or alcohol-resistant foam.
Combustible material: may burn but does not ignite readily.
When heated, vapors may form explosive mixtures with air: indoors, outdoors, and sewers explosion hazards.
Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.
3 (Strong toxins)
Harmful if swallowed. May cause kidney damage. May cause severe digestive tract irritation with abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. May cause burns to the digestive tract.
May cause irritation of the respiratory tract with burning pain in the nose and throat, coughing, wheezing, shortness of breath and pulmonary edema.
Causes skin burns. Causes redness and pain.
Causes severe eye burns. May cause conjunctivitis. Lachrymator. Causes redness and pain. Lachrymator.
Do NOT induce vomiting. Get medical aid immediately. Wash mouth out with water. Give milk of magnesia.
Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately.
Get medical aid immediately. Immediately flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes.
Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid immediately.
2845 90 10