2-Methyl-2-nitro-1-propanol

  • 2-Nitro-2-methylpropanol
  • 2-Nitro-2-methyl-1-propanol
  • 2-Methyl-2-nitro-1-propanol
Formula
C4H9NO3
Structure
Description
Solid material that can catch fire spontaneously if it is exposed to air or moisture. ventilation or enclosure is not used, respirators should be

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
76-39-1
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
200-957-6
RTECS
UB8575000
RTECS class
Other
UN (DOT)
3053
Beilstein/Gmelin
1752013
Beilstein Reference
4-01-00-01604
Canada DSL/NDSL
DSL
US TSCA
Listed
Austrailia AICS
Listed
Korea ECL
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C4H9NO3
Formula mass
119.14
Boiling point, °C
204
Vapor pressure, mmHg
0.06 (25 C)
Solubility in water
3.5 kg/L (20 C)
pKa/pKb
13.8 (pKa)
Heat of vaporization
51.3 kJ/mol
Heat of combustion
-2452 kJ/mol

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Keep tightly closed. Store in a cool dry place.
Protection
Wear respirator, chemical safety goggles, rubber boots, and heavy rubber gloves.
Respirators
Government approved respirator.
Small spills/leaks
Sweep up, place in a bag and hold for waste disposal. Avoid raising dust. Ventilate area and wash spill site after material pickup is complete.
Incompatibilities
Strong oxidizing agents, Strong bases.
Decomposition
Carbon monoxide, Carbon dioxide. Nitrogen oxides.

Fire.
Flash Point,°C
92
Fire fighting
ear self-contained breathing apparatus and protective clothing to prevent contact with skin and eyes. Extinguish using Water spray. Carbon dioxide, dry chemical powder, or appropriate foam.
Fire potential
Flammable solid and a dangerous fire hazard.
Hazards
May ignite on contact with moist air or moisture. May burn rapidly with flare-burning effect. May react vigorously or explosively on contact with water. May decompose explosively when heated or involved in a fire. May re-ignite after fire is extinguished.
Combustion products
Emits toxic fumes under fire conditions.

Health.
Exposure effects
The chemical, physical, and toxicological properties of this substance have not been thoroughly investigated.
   Ingestion
Irritation or burns of the esophagus or gastrointestinal tract are possible if ingested.
   Inhalation
Causes irritation. May be delayed in onset for up to 24 to 72 hours in some cases.
   Skin
Causes irritation.
   Eyes
Causes irritation.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
Consider gastric lavage after ingestion of a potentially life-threatening amount of poison if it can be performed soon after ingestion (generally within 1 hour). Protect airway by placement in Trendelenburg and left lateral decubitus position or by endotracheal intubation. Control any seizures first. Actgivated charcoal and/or dilution with milk/water should also be considered.
   Inhalation
Move patient to fresh air. Monitor for respiratory distress. If cough or difficulty breathing develops, evaluate for respiratory tract irritation bronchitis, or pneumonitis. Administer oxygen and assist ventilation as required. Treat bronchospasm with inhaled beta2 agonist and oral or parenteral corticosteroids.
   Skin
Remove contaminated clothing and wash exposed area thoroughly with soap and water. A physician may need to examine the area if irritation or pain persists.
   Eyes
Irrigate exposed eyes with copious amounts of room temperature water for at least 15 minutes. If irritation, pain, swelling, lacrimation, or photophobia persist, the patient should be seen in a health care facility.

Transport.
UN number
3053
Response guide