2-Methyl-3-butenenitrile

  • 2-Methyl-3-butenonitrile
  • 3-Cyanobut-1-ene
Formula
C5H7N
Structure
Description
Clear yellow liquid.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
16529-56-9
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
240-596-1
RTECS
EM8356250
RTECS class
Other
UN (DOT)
3273
Beilstein/Gmelin
1737858
Beilstein Reference
4-02-00-01562
Canada DSL/NDSL
NDSL
US TSCA
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C5H7N
Formula mass
81.13
Boiling point, °C
126
Vapor pressure, mmHg
30
Density
0.8131 g/cm3 (20 C)
Solubility in water
Soluble
Refractive index
1.4057 (20 C)

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Keep in a cool, dry, dark location in a tightly sealed container or cylinder. Keep away from incompatible materials, ignition sources and untrained individuals. Secure and label area. Protect containers/cylinders from physical damage.
Handling
All chemicals should be considered hazardous. Avoid direct physical contact. Use appropriate, approved safety equipment. Untrained individuals should not handle this chemical or its container. Handling should occur in a chemical fume hood.
Protection
Wear appropriate protective gloves, clothing and goggles.
Respirators
Wear a NIOSH-approved half face respirator equipped with an organic vapor/acid gas cartridge (specific for organic vapors, HCl, acid gas and SO2) with a dust/mist filter.
Small spills/leaks
If you spill this chemical, FIRST REMOVE ALL SOURCES OF IGNITION. Then, use absorbent paper to pick up all liquid spill material. Seal the absorbent paper, as well as any of your clothing which may be contaminated, in a vapor-tight plastic bag for eventual disposal. Wash any surfaces you may have contaminated with a soap and water solution. Do not reenter the contaminated area until the Safety Officer (or other responsible person) has verified that the area has been properly cleaned.
Stability
No data.
Incompatibilities
Incompatible with acids; mixing nitriles with strong oxidizing acids can lead to extremely violent reactions Incompatible with other oxidizing agents such as peroxides and epoxides Can react vigorously with reducing agents.

Fire.
Fire fighting
Fires involving this material can be controlled using a dry chemical, carbon dioxide or Halon extinguisher.
Fire potential
This chemical is flammable.
Hazards
Vapors may form explosive mixtures with air. Vapors may travel to source of ignition and flash back. Most vapors are heavier than air. They will spread along ground and collect in low or confined areas (sewers, basements, tanks). Vapor explosion and poison hazard indoors, outdoors or in sewers.
Combustion products
Fire will produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.

Health.
Exposure effects
   Ingestion
See inhalation.
   Inhalation
May be fatal. May cause irritatior or burns. Vapors may cause dizziness or suffocation.
   Skin
See inhalation.
   Eyes
See inhalation.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
DO NOT INDUCE VOMITING. If the victim is conscious and not convulsing, give 1 or 2 glasses of water to dilute the chemical and IMMEDIATELY call a hospital or poison control center. Be prepared to transport the victim to a hospital if advised by a physician.
   Inhalation
IMMEDIATELY leave the contaminated area; take deep breaths of fresh air. If symptoms (such as wheezing, coughing, shortness of breath, or burning in the mouth, throat, or chest) develop, call a physician and be prepared to transport the victim to a hospital. Provide proper respiratory protection to rescuers entering an unknown atmosphere. Whenever possible, Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus (SCBA) should be used.
   Skin
IMMEDIATELY flood affected skin with water while removing and isolating all contaminated clothing. Gently wash all affected skin areas thoroughly with soap and water. If symptoms such as redness or irritation develop, IMMEDIATELY call a physician and be prepared to transport the victim to a hospital for treatment.
   Eyes
First check the victim for contact lenses and remove if present. Flush victim's eyes with water or normal saline solution for 20 to 30 minutes while simultaneously calling a hospital or poison control center. Do not put any ointments, oils, or medication in the victim's eyes without specific instructions from a physician. IMMEDIATELY transport the victim after flushing eyes to a hospital even if no symptoms (such as redness or irritation) develop.

Transport.
UN number
3273
Response guide
Hazard class
3
Packing Group
I; II