White, lustrious, bulky leaflets or white powder. Faint phenol-like odor.
Dyes, pigments, antioxidants for rubber, fats, oils, insecticides, synthesis of fungicides, pharmaceuticals, perfumes, antiseptic.
Registry Numbers and Inventories.
EC Index Number
Harmful; Dangerous for the Environment
R 20/22 50
S 24/25 61
Drug; Mutagen; Primary Irritant
Swiss Giftliste 1
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Melting point, °C
Boiling point, °C
Vapor pressure, mmHg
0.0029 (25 C)
Vapor density (air=1)
Odor Threshold Odor threshold 0.01 ppm - 11.4 ppm
Solubility in water
Partition coefficient, pKow
Heat of fusion
Heat of vaporization
Heat of combustion
Hazards and Protection.
Keep away from heat, sparks, and flame. Keep away from sources of ignition. Do not store in direct sunlight. Keep container closed when not in use. Store in a tightly closed container. Keep from contact with oxidizing materials. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances. Keep away from strong bases. Material darkens in color on storage.
Wash thoroughly after handling. Minimize dust generation and accumulation. Do not get on skin and clothing. Do not ingest or inhale. Store protected from light. Use only in a chemical fume hood. Do not breathe dust or fumes.
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
A respiratory protection program that meets OSHA's 29 CFR 1910.134 and ANSI Z88.2 requirements or European Standard EN 149 must be followed whenever workplace conditions warrant a respirator's use.
Vacuum or sweep up material and place into a suitable disposal container. Clean up spills immediately, using the appropriate protective equipment. If sweeping is necessary, use a dust suppressant agent. Avoid generating dusty conditions. Provide ventilation.
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures. May discolor on exposure to light. Light sensitive.
Strong oxidizing agents, strong bases, acid chlorides, acid anhydrides, antipyrine, camphor, ferric salts, menthol, phenols, potassium permanganate, urethane.
Carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, toxic fumes of sodium oxide.
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. Extinguishing media: Use extinguishing media most appropriate for the surrounding fire. In case of fire use water spray, dry chemical, carbon dioxide, or appropriate foam.
Slightly flammable. Requires preheating.
Contact with metals may evolve flammable hydrogen gas.
Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.
OEL-RUSSIA:STEL 0.1 mg/m3
Chronic inhalation may cause effects similar to those of acute inhalation. Laboratory experiments have resulted in mutagenic effects. Prolonged exposure may cause abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, and possible convulsions. Intestinal and percutaneous absorption may lead to severe nephritis, liver injury and acute hemolytic anemia.
Aspiration hazard. May cause irritation of the digestive tract. May be harmful if swallowed.
May be fatal if inhaled. Causes respiratory tract irritation.
Causes mild skin irritation.
Causes moderate eye irritation. May cause lens opacities and retinal changes.
Do NOT induce vomiting. If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid immediately.
Get medical aid immediately. Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. DO NOT use mouth-to-mouth respiration. If breathing has ceased apply artificial respiration using oxygen and a suitable mechanical device such as a bag and a mask.
Get medical aid. Immediately flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash clothing before reuse.
Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid.