2,2-Dichloropentanoic acid

  • 2,2-Dichlorovaleric acid
Formula
C5H8Cl2O2
Structure
Description
Clear, colorless liquid.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
18240-68-1
Beilstein/Gmelin
1855692

Properties.
Formula
C5H8Cl2O2
Formula mass
171.02
Boiling point, °C
65 - 67 (0.08 torr)
Density
1.2725 g/cm3 (20 C)
Solubility in water
Very soluble
Refractive index
1.4612 (20 C)
pKa/pKb
1.68 (pKa)

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Store in a cool, dry place. Store in a tightly closed container. Corrosives area.
Handling
Wash thoroughly after handling. Wash hands before eating. Use with adequate ventilation. Do not breathe dust, vapor, mist, or gas. Do not get in eyes, on skin, or on clothing. Do not ingest or inhale.
Protection
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
Small spills/leaks
Absorb spill with inert material, (e.g., dry sand or earth), then place into a chemical waste container. Clean up spills immediately, using the appropriate protective equipment.
Stability
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Incompatibilities
Strong oxidizing agents.
Decomposition
Hydrogen chloride, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide.

Fire.
Flash Point,°C
180
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. Extinguishing media: Use foam, dry chemical, or carbon dioxide.

Health.
Exposure effects
   Ingestion
Causes gastrointestinal tract burns.
   Inhalation
Causes chemical burns to the respiratory tract.
   Skin
Causes skin burns.
   Eyes
Causes eye burns.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
Do NOT induce vomiting. If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid immediately.
   Inhalation
Get medical aid immediately. Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen.
   Skin
Get medical aid. Immediately flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes.
   Eyes
Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid immediately.

Transport.