2,3-Dichloro-1-propanol

  • a,b-Dichlorohydrin;
  • 2,3-Dichloropropyl alcohol
  • Glycerol 1,2-dichlorohydrin
  • 1-Propanol, 2,3-dichloro-
Formula
ClCH2CHClCH2OH
Structure
Description
Viscous colorless to amber liquid with an ethereal odor.
Uses
Production of epichlorohydrin.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
616-23-9
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
210-470-0
EC Class
toxic, irritant
R 24/25 36
S 23.2 26 36/37 45
RTECS
UB1225000
RTECS class
Mutagen; Primary Irritant
UN (DOT)
2810
Beilstein/Gmelin
1732060
Beilstein Reference
4-01-00-01442
Swiss Giftliste 1
G-1907
Canada DSL/NDSL
DSL
US TSCA
Listed
Austrailia AICS
Listed
New Zealand
Listed
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C3H6Cl2O
Formula mass
128.99
Melting point, °C
-44
Boiling point, °C
183
Vapor density (air=1)
1.353
Critical temperature
376
Critical pressure
45.1
Density
1.3799 g/cm3 (0 C)
Solubility in water
Soluble
Refractive index
1.4814 (20 C)
pKa/pKb
13.75 (pKa)
Partition coefficient, pKow
1.13

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Keep away from sources of ignition. Store in a cool, dry place. Store in a tightly closed container.
Handling
Do not breathe dust, vapor, mist, or gas. Do not get in eyes, on skin, or on clothing. Use only in a chemical fume hood.
Protection
Eyes: Wear chemical goggles. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear a chemical apron.
Respirators
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
Small spills/leaks
Absorb spill with inert material, (e.g., dry sand or earth), then place into a chemical waste container.
Disposal code
9
Stability
No data.
Incompatibilities
Strong oxidizing agents.
Decomposition
Hydrogen chloride, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide.

Fire.
Flash Point,°C
93
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. Will burn if involved in a fire. To extinguish fire use water spray, dry chemical, carbon dioxide, or chemical foam.
Fire potential
This chemical is combustible.
Hazards
When heated, vapors may form explosive mixtures with air: indoors, outdoors, and sewers explosion hazards.
Combustion products
Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.
Health
2
 
Flammability
1
 
 
Reactivity
0
 

Health.
Poison_Class
1
Exposure effects
   Ingestion
Poison by ingestion.
   Inhalation
May cause respiratory tract irritation. Toxic if inhaled.
   Skin
Causes skin irritation. Toxic in contact with skin.
   Eyes
Causes eye irritation.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid immediately. Do NOT induce vomiting. Give milk or water with activated charcoal if available.
   Inhalation
Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen.
   Skin
Flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes.
   Eyes
Flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids.

Transport.
UN number
2810
Response guide
Hazard class
6.1
Packing Group
I; II; III
 
HS Code
2905 59 10