- Epihydrine aldehyde
A colorless liquid.
As a crosslinking agent for the finishing of wool, for the tanning and fat liquoring of leather, surgical sutures.
Registry Numbers and Inventories.
Tumorigen; Mutagen; Human Data; Primary Irritant
Swiss Giftliste 1
Melting point, °C
Boiling point, °C
Vapor pressure, mmHg
22 (25 C)
Vapor density (air=1)
1.07 g/cm3 (20 C)
Solubility in water
1.42 (20 C)
Partition coefficient, pKow
Heat of vaporization
Hazards and Protection.
Storage location should be close to laboratory where it is to be used, so that only small amounts need to be transported. Carcinogens should be kept in only one section of storage area, explosion-proof refrigerator or freezer as required. The area should be appropriately labeled. An inventory should be kept showing the quantity of carcinogen and date it was acquired. Facilities for dispensing should be contiguous to storage area.
All chemicals should be considered hazardous. Avoid direct physical contact. Use appropriate, approved safety equipment. Untrained individuals should not handle this chemical or its container. Handling should occur in a chemical fume hood.
Wear appropriate clothing to prevent any reasonable probability of skin contact. Wear eye protection to prevent any possibility of eye contact.
Self-contained breathing apparatus.
Keep sparks, flames, and other sources of ignition away. Keep material out of water sources and sewers. Build dikes to contain flow as necessary. Attempt to stop leak if without undue personnel hazard. Use water spray to knock-down vapors.
Container may explode in heat of fire. Runoff to sewer may create fire or explosion hazards.
Flammable and/or toxic gases are generated by the combination with azo, diazo compounds, dithiocarbamates, nitrides, and strong reducing agents Can react with air to give first peroxo acids, and ultimately carboxylic acids React with acids, bases, and oxidizing and reducing agents.
Do not extinguish fire unless flow can be stopped. Use water in flooding quantities as fog. Solid streams of water may be ineffective. Cool all affected containers with flooding quantities of water. Apply water from as far a distance as possible. Use foam, dry chemical, or carbon dioxide. Keep run-off water out of sewers and water sources.
Vapors may form explosive mixtures with air. Vapors may travel to source of ignition and flash back. Most vapors are heavier than air. They will spread along ground and collect in low or confined areas (sewers, basements, tanks). Vapor explosion and poison hazard indoors, outdoors or in sewers. May polymerize explosively when heated or involved in a fire. Runoff to sewer may create fire or explosion hazard. Containers may explode when heated. Many liquids are lighter than water.
Fire will produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.
Shock may develop with severe exposures. Rapid breathing may develop in patients with metabolic acidosis. Reduction in body temperature may be seen. Lethargy and coma may occur following large ingestions or marked inhalation exposure. Formaldehyde has not been shown definitely to be teratogenic in animals. Formaldehyde probably presents little or no risk as a potential human teratogen.
Nausea, vomiting, and severe abdominal pain may occur following ingestion. Corrosive gastritis, hematemesis, and edema and ulceration of the esophagus may occur. Strictures and perforation are possible delayed complications.
Inhalation of formaldehyde vapors at elevated concentrations may result in upper respiratory tract irritation and coughing. Severe exposure may result in serious lower respiratory effects, such as bronchitis, pulmonary edema, or pneumonia. Reactive airways may develop in susceptible individuals.
Allergic dermatitis and rash may occur.
IRRITATION of the eyes, nose, and throat may occur following exposure to formaldehyde OR fumes from urea-formaldehyde foam and adhesive resins. Corneal opacification and loss of vision may occur following direct eye splash exposure to solutions containing high concentrations of formaldehyde. Transient discomfort and irritation may result from eye exposure to solutions containing low concentrations of formaldehyde.
Ipecac induced vomiting is not recommended because of the potential for cardiovascular instability. Dilution: following ingestion and/or prior to gastric evacuation, immediately dilute with 4 to 8 ounces (120 to 240 ml) of milk or water (not to exceed 15 ml/kg in a child).
Move patient to fresh air. Monitor for respiratory distress. If cough or difficulty breathing develops, evaluate for respiratory tract irritation, bronchitis, or pneumonitis. Administer oxygen and assist ventilation as required. Treat bronchospasm with beta2 agonist and corticosteroid aerosols.
Remove contaminated clothing and wash exposed area thoroughly with soap and water. A physician should examine the area if irritation or pain persists.
Medical facility: irrigate with sterile 0.9% Saline for at least an hour or until the cul-de-sacs are free of particulate matter and returned to neutrality (confirm with ph paper).
USCG CHRIS Code
Std. Transport #