Solid yellow crystals.
Registry Numbers and Inventories.
EC Index Number
Toxic; Danger of cumulative effects; Dangerous for the Environment
R 23/24/25 33 50
S 28 37 45 61
Agricultural Chemical and Pesticide; Drug; Mutagen; Reproductive Effector; Human Data; Primary Irritant
Swiss Giftliste 1
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Melting point, °C
132 - 133
Boiling point, °C
Vapor pressure, mmHg
2E-5 (25 C)
Solubility in water
45.4 g/s2 (91 C)
Partition coefficient, pKow
Heat of vaporization
Heat of combustion
Hazards and Protection.
Dinitrophenol. Should be stored in a cool ventilated place away from area of acute fire hazard and away from powerful oxidizing agents.
All chemicals should be considered hazardous. Avoid direct physical contact. Use appropriate, approved safety equipment. Untrained individuals should not handle this chemical or its container. Handling should occur in a chemical fume hood.
Butyl rubber gloves; goggles; impervious lab coat; protective shoes. People exposed to the solid or to a strong soln should wear protective clothing, hand protection and, in confined spaces, the use of respiratory protective equipment.
Self-contained breathing apparatus.
Keep sparks, flames, and other sources of ignition away. Keep material wet. Wet spilled material before picking it up. Do not attempt to sweep up dry material.
Moderate when exposed to heat reactive at high temperature or pressure.
Incompatible with heavy metals and their compounds Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents, strong bases and reducing agents Reacts with combustibles.
When heated to decomposition it emits toxic fumes of oxides of nitrogen. Prolonged exposure to fire or heat may result in the spontaneous decomposition and heating with a resultant explosion.
Dangerously explosive. Do not fight fires in a cargo of explosives. Evacuate area and let burn.
This material is combustible.
May explode if subjected to heat or flame. POISONOUS GAS IS PRODUCED WHEN HEATED. Vapors are toxic. Can detonate or explode when heated under confinement.
Poisonous gas oxides of nitrogen may be produced when heated.
Blood pressure, pulse, respiratory rate, and temperature may all be elevated after exposure. In severe poisoning, restlessness, seizures, and coma may occur. Animal studies show developmental malformations involving the neurologic, ophthalmic, urologic, and skeletal systems of offsprings.
Nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain may be prominent.
Dyspnea, tachypnea, cyanosis, and pulmonary edema may occur.
Yellow staining of skin occurs following contact with nitrophenols. Diaphoresis is common.
Cataracts, secondary glaucoma, symblepharon, paresis of accomodation, and nystagmus have been reported.
DO NOT INDUCE VOMITING. Phenols are very toxic poisons AND corrosive and irritating, so that inducing vomiting may make medical problems worse. IMMEDIATELY call a hospital or poison control center and locate activated charcoal, egg whites, or milk in case the medical advisor recommends administering one of them. If advice from a physician is not readily available and the victim is conscious and not convulsing, give the victim a glass of activated charcoal slurry in water or, if this is not available, a glass of milk, or beaten egg whites and IMMEDIATELY transport victim to a hospital. If the victim is convulsing or unconscious, do not give anything by mouth, assure that the victim's airway is open and lay the victim on his/her side with the head lower than the body. DO NOT INDUCE VOMITING. IMMEDIATELY transport the victim to a hospital.
IMMEDIATELY leave the contaminated area; take deep breaths of fresh air. IMMEDIATELY call a physician and be prepared to transport the victim to a hospital even if no symptoms (such as wheezing, coughing, shortness of breath, or burning in the mouth, throat, or chest) develop. Provide proper respiratory protection to rescuers entering an unknown atmosphere. Whenever possible, Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus (SCBA) should be used.
IMMEDIATELY flood affected skin with water while removing and isolating all contaminated clothing. Gently wash all affected skin areas thoroughly with soap and water. IMMEDIATELY call a hospital or poison control center even if no symptoms (such as redness or irritation) develop. IMMEDIATELY transport the victim to a hospital for treatment after washing the affected areas.
First check the victim for contact lenses and remove if present. Flush victim's eyes with water or normal saline solution for 20 to 30 minutes while simultaneously calling a hospital or poison control center. Do not put any ointments, oils, or medication in the victim's eyes without specific instructions from a physician. IMMEDIATELY transport the victim after flushing eyes to a hospital even if no symptoms (such as redness or irritation) develop.
USCG CHRIS Code
Std. Transport #