Clear, colorless liquid with distinctive turpentine-like odor.
Registry Numbers and Inventories.
S: 16, 9, 29, 33
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Melting point, °C
Boiling point, °C
Vapor pressure, mmHg
35 (25 C)
Vapor density (air=1)
0.7223 g/cm3 (20 C)
Solubility in water
2.7903 pa.s @ 166.84 K
33.078 g/s2 @ 166.8 K
1.4160 (20 C)
Partition coefficient, pKow
Heat of fusion
Heat of vaporization
Hazards and Protection.
Keep away from sources of ignition. Store in a cool, dry place. Store in a tightly closed container. Flammables-area.
A B1 D2B
Use spark-proof tools and explosion proof equipment. Avoid breathing dust, vapor, mist, or gas. Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
For unignited small spill absorb material with vermiculite, absorbent pads, etc. Place in a sealed container for later disposal. For large spill Dike far ahead of liquid spills to contain for later disposal. Keep runoff from entering sewers and/or ditches that lead to waterways. Apply a blanket of vapor suppressing hazardous materials foam or aqueous film forming foam to the spill surface to minimize fire potential.
Carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide.
Upper exp. limit, %
Lower exp. limit, %
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. Will burn if involved in a fire. Extinguishing media: Use water spray to cool fire-exposed containers. Use foam, dry chemical, or carbon dioxide.
Highly flammable, dangerous fire risk.
Vapors may form explosive mixtures with air. Vapors may travel to source of ignition and flash back. Most vapors are heavier than air. They will spread along ground and collect in low or confined areas (sewers, basements, tanks). Vapor explosion hazard indoors, outdoors or in sewers.
Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.
Chronic effects may cause dermatitis from skin contact.
Ingestion may cause nausea, vomiting, and irritation to the digestive tract.
Inhalation of vapors may cause irritation to the respiratory tract and to other mucous membranes. Inhalation may cause nausea and headache. High concentrations may result in narcosis and/or unconsciousness.
May cause skin irritation.
May cause eye irritation.
Get medical aid. Wash mouth out with water.
Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid.
Get medical aid. Flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes.
Flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid.