2,6-Dinitro-4-octylphenol

Formula
C14H20N2O5
Structure

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
4097-33-0
Beilstein/Gmelin
2542137
Beilstein Reference
4-06-00-03474

Properties.
Formula
C14H20N2O5
Formula mass
296.32
Melting point, °C
38 - 39
Boiling point, °C
192 (0.1 torr)
Solubility in water
Insoluble
pKa/pKb
4.33 (pKa)

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Keep in a cool, dry, dark location in a tightly sealed container or cylinder. Keep away from incompatible materials, ignition sources and untrained individuals. Secure and label area. Protect containers/cylinders from physical damage.
Handling
All chemicals should be considered hazardous. Avoid direct physical contact. Use appropriate, approved safety equipment. Untrained individuals should not handle this chemical or its container. Handling should occur in a chemical fume hood.
Protection
Chemical splash goggles in compliance with OSHA regulations are advised; however, OSHA regulations also permit other type safety glasses. Whre chemical resistant gloves. To prevent repeated or prolonged skin contact, wear impervious clothing and boots.
Respirators
Use NIOSH/MSHA approved respirator appropriate for exposure of concern.
Small spills/leaks
Evacuate area and ventilate. Wear protective equipment. If required, use an inert absrobent. Sweep up and place in an appropriate container for disposal. Wash contaminated surfaces.
Stability
No data.
Incompatibilities
Strong oxidizing agents.

Fire.
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. Use agent most appropriate to extinguish fire.

Health.
Exposure effects
Blood pressure, pulse, respiratory rate, and temperature may all be elevated after exposure. In severe poisoning, restlessness, seizures, and coma may occur. Animal studies show developmental malformations involving the neurologic, ophthalmic, urologic, and skeletal systems of offsprings.
   Ingestion
Nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain may be prominent.
   Inhalation
Dyspnea, tachypnea, cyanosis, and pulmonary edema may occur.
   Skin
Yellow staining of skin occurs following contact with nitrophenols. Diaphoresis is common.
   Eyes
Cataracts, secondary glaucoma, symblepharon, paresis of accomodation, and nystagmus have been reported.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
Seek medical attention. If individual is drowsy or unconscious, do not give anything by mouth; place individual on the left side with the head down. Contact a physician, medical facility, or poison control center for advice about whether to induce vomiting. If possible, do not leave individual unattended.
   Inhalation
Move patient to fresh air. Monitor for respiratory distress. If cough or difficulty breathing develops, evaluate for respiratory tract irritation, bronchitis, or pneumonitis. Administer oxygen and assist ventilation as required. Treat bronchospasm with beta2 agonist and corticosteroid aerosols.
   Skin
Wash affected areas of skin and hair vigorously with soap and water. Dermal exposure is usually accompanied by a yellowish discoloration which does not have to be removed completely to prevent absorption.
   Eyes
Irrigate exposed eyes with copious amounts of tepid water for at least 15 minutes. If irritation, pain, swelling, lacrimation, or photophobia persist, the patient should be seen in a health care facility.

Transport.