Yellow rhombic crystals. Slight odor.
Chemical intermediate for toluene-2,6-diamine, a toluene diisocyanate int, gelatinizing & waterproofing agent in explosives.
Registry Numbers and Inventories.
EC Index Number
Carcinogenic Category 2; Mutagenic Category 3; Toxic for reproduction Category 3; Toxic; Harmful; Dangerous for the Environment
R 45 23/24/25 48/22 52/53 62 68
S 53 45 61
Tumorigen; Mutagen; Primary Irritant
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Melting point, °C
Boiling point, °C
Vapor pressure, mmHg
0.007 (25 C)
Vapor density (air=1)
Odor Threshold Odor threshold 0.1 ppm in water.
1.538 g/cm3 (15 C)
Solubility in water
1.479 (20 C)
Partition coefficient, pKow
Heat of vaporization
Heat of combustion
Hazards and Protection.
Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances.
Wash thoroughly after handling. Use only in a well ventilated area. Minimize dust generation and accumulation. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Avoid ingestion and inhalation.
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
Vacuum or sweep up material and place into a suitable disposal container. Avoid generating dusty conditions. Provide ventilation.
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures. There are instances of explosion during manufacture or storage. May explode when heated.
Oxidizing agents, reducing agents, strong bases, mixture with nitric acid is highly explosive, ignites on contact with sodium oxide.
Nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide.
Upper exp. limit, %
Lower exp. limit, %
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. To extinguish fire, use water fog, dry chemical, carbon dioxide, or regular foam.
Dinitrotoluenes may burn but do not ignite readily. Combustible: moderate fire hazard.
Containers may explode when heated.
Emits toxic fumes of oxides of nitrogen May explode when exposed to heat or flame.
TLV: ppm; 1.5 mg/m3 (as TWA) (skin) (ACGIH 1996).
Respiratory depression secondary to hypoxia may occur. CNS depression is secondary to hypoxia from methemoglobinemia. DNT was NOT teratogenic in rats, and had no effects in a 3- generation study in rats. Testicular effects have been seen in laboratory animals, but not in exposed workers.
Harmful if swallowed. Causes gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. May cause methemoglobinemia, cyanosis, convulsions, and death. Methemoglobinemia is characterized by dizziness, drowsiness, headache, breath shortness, cyanosis with bluish skin, rapid heart rate and chocolate-brown colored blood. May cause allergic reaction.
May cause respiratory tract irritation. Methemoglobinemia is characterized by dizziness, drowsiness, headache, breath shortness, cyanosis with bluish skin, rapid heart rate and chocolate-brown blood. This product contains nitrite which may cause methemoglobinemia.
Causes skin irritation.
Causes eye irritation.
If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid.
Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid.
Get medical aid immediately. Flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes.
Flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid immediately.