3-Acetylbenzonitrile

  • Benzonitrile, 3-acetyl-
Formula
C9H7NO
Structure
Description
White to light yellow powder.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
6136-68-1
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
228-110-6
EC Class
irritant
S 22 36/37
UN (DOT)
3276
Beilstein/Gmelin
2079629
Beilstein Reference
4-10-00-02769

Properties.
Formula
C9H7NO
Formula mass
145.16
Melting point, °C
98 - 100
Boiling point, °C
120 (5 torr)

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Store in a cool, dry place. Keep away from strong acids.
Handling
Wash thoroughly after handling. Remove contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Do not get in eyes, on skin, or on clothing. Do not ingest or inhale. Use only in a chemical fume hood.
Protection
Chemical splash goggles in compliance with OSHA regulations are advised; however, OSHA regulations also permit other type safety glasses. Whre chemical resistant gloves. To prevent repeated or prolonged skin contact, wear impervious clothing and boots.
Respirators
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
Small spills/leaks
Absorb spill with inert material, (e.g., dry sand or earth), then place into a chemical waste container.
Disposal code
6
Stability
Has not been fully evaluated.
Incompatibilities
Strong oxidizing agents.
Decomposition
Hydrogen cyanide.

Fire.
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. Use agent most appropriate to extinguish fire.

Health.
Exposure effects
May interfere with iodine uptake of the thyroid gland and enlarge it.
   Ingestion
Metabolism may release cyanide, which may result in headache, dizziness, weakness, collapse, unconsciousness and possible death.
   Inhalation
May cause effects similar to those described for ingestion.
   Skin
May cause skin irritation. May be absorbed through the skin in harmful amounts.
   Eyes
Causes eye irritation.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Get medical aid immediately. Induce vomiting by giving one teaspoon of Syrup of Ipecac. SPEED IS ESSENTIAL. A DOCTOR MUST BE NOTIFIED AT ONCE.
   Inhalation
Get medical aid immediately. Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen.
   Skin
Get medical aid immediately. Flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes.
   Eyes
If symptoms develop, immediately move individual away from exposure and into fresh air. Flush eyes gently with water for at least 15 minutes while holding eyelids apart; seek immediate medical attention.

Transport.
UN number
3276
Response guide
HS Code
2926 90 95