3-Aminopropane-1-sulfonic acid

  • 3-Amino-1-propanesulfonic acid
  • 3-Aminopropanesulfonic acid
  • 3-Aminopropiosulfonic acid
  • 3-Sulfopropylamine
  • Homotaurine
Formula
C3H9NO3S
Structure
Description
White liquid.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
3687-18-1
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
222-977-4
Beilstein/Gmelin
1753803
Beilstein Reference
3-04-00-01708
New Zealand
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C3H9NO3S
Formula mass
139.16
Melting point, °C
>280
Solubility in water
Very soluble
pKa/pKb
3.81 (pKb)
Partition coefficient, pKow
-1.61

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Store in a cool, dry place. Store in a tightly closed container.
Handling
Wash thoroughly after handling. Wash hands before eating. Use with adequate ventilation. Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Avoid ingestion and inhalation.
Protection
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
Small spills/leaks
Absorb spill with inert material, (e.g., dry sand or earth), then place into a chemical waste container. Clean up spills immediately, using the appropriate protective equipment.
Stability
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Incompatibilities
Strong oxidizing agents.
Decomposition
Carbon monoxide, oxides of nitrogen, oxides of sulfur, carbon dioxide.

Fire.
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. To extinguish fire use water spray, dry chemical, carbon dioxide, or chemical foam.

Health.
Exposure effects
   Ingestion
May cause gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. The toxicological properties of this substance have not been fully investigated.
   Inhalation
May cause respiratory tract irritation. The toxicological properties of this substance have not been fully investigated.
   Skin
May cause skin irritation.
   Eyes
May cause eye irritation.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
Do NOT induce vomiting. If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid.
   Inhalation
Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid.
   Skin
Get medical aid. Flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes.
   Eyes
Flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid.

Transport.