3-Bromopropanenitrile

  • 3-Bromopropionitrile
  • 2-Bromoethyl cyanide
  • 2-Cyanoethyl bromide
  • 1-Bromo-2-cyanoethane
  • b-Bromopropionitrile
Formula
C3H4BrN
Structure
Description
Colorless liquid.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
2417-90-5
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
219-332-4
R 23/24/25 36/37/38
S 26 36/37/39 45
RTECS
UG1050000
RTECS class
Other
UN (DOT)
2810
Beilstein/Gmelin
1738565
Beilstein Reference
4-02-00-00766
Swiss Giftliste 1
G-5720
Canada DSL/NDSL
NDSL
US TSCA
Listed
New Zealand
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C3H4BrN
Formula mass
133.98
Boiling point, °C
76
Vapor density (air=1)
4.6
Density
1.6452 g/cm3 (0 C)
Solubility in water
Soluble
Refractive index
1.4768

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Keep away from heat, sparks, and flame. Keep away from sources of ignition. Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances.
Handling
Wash thoroughly after handling. Use with adequate ventilation. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Empty containers retain product residue, (liquid and/or vapor), and can be dangerous. Keep container tightly closed. Avoid contact with heat, sparks and flame. Do not ingest or inhale. Do not pressurize, cut, weld, braze, solder, drill, grind, or expose empty containers to heat, sparks or open flames.
Protection
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
Small spills/leaks
Absorb spill with inert material, (e.g., dry sand or earth), then place into a chemical waste container. Remove all sources of ignition. Provide ventilation. A vapor suppressing foam may be used to reduce vapors. Water spray may reduce vapor but may not prevent ignition in closed spaces.
Stability
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Incompatibilities
Strong acids, strong bases, strong oxidizing agents.
Decomposition
Nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, hydrogen bromide, cyanides.

Fire.
Flash Point,°C
97
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. Combustible Liquid. May react violently or explosively on contact with water. Extinguishing media: Use water spray, dry chemical, or carbon dioxide. Do NOT get water inside containers.
Fire potential
Combustible material: may burn but does not ignite readily.
Hazards
When heated, vapors may form explosive mixtures with air: indoors, outdoors, and sewers explosion hazards.
Combustion products
Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.
Health
3
 
Flammability
2
 
 
Reactivity
2
 

Health.
Poison_Class
2
Exposure effects
   Ingestion
May be fatal if swallowed. The toxicological properties of this substance have not been fully investigated. May cause central nervous system effects.
   Inhalation
The toxicological properties of this substance have not been fully investigated.
   Skin
Causes skin irritation.
   Eyes
Causes eye irritation.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid immediately.
   Inhalation
Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid.
   Skin
Get medical aid. Flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes.
   Eyes
Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid immediately.

Transport.
UN number
2810
Response guide
Hazard class
6.1
Packing Group
I; II; III
 
HS Code
2926 90 95