- Orange GC base
Colorless to light amber liquid, characteristic sweet odor.
Chemical intermediate for the herbicide chlorpropham, m-chlorophenyl isocyanurate, pharmaceuticals, & azo dyes & pigments.
Registry Numbers and Inventories.
EC Index Number
toxic, dangerous for the environment
R 23/24/25 33 50/53
S 28 36/37 45 60 61
Swiss Giftliste 1
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Melting point, °C
Boiling point, °C
Vapor pressure, mmHg
8.7 (100 C)
Vapor density (air=1)
Less than 130 ppm at 30 C (calculated)
1.216 g/cm3 (20 C)
Solubility in water
3.50 cp (25 C)
45.68 g/s2 (20 C)
1.5941 (20 C)
Partition coefficient, pKow
Heat of vaporization
Heat of combustion
Hazards and Protection.
Keep container closed when not in use. Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances.
Wash thoroughly after handling. Remove contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Use with adequate ventilation. Do not get in eyes, on skin, or on clothing. Keep container tightly closed. Do not ingest or inhale.
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to minimize contact with skin.
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
Absorb spill with inert material, (e.g., dry sand or earth), then place into a chemical waste container. Clean up spills immediately, using the appropriate protective equipment. Provide ventilation.
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures. Substance may undergo color change upon exposure to light and air.
Acids, acid chlorides, acid anhydrides, strong oxidizing agents, chloroformates.
Hydrogen chloride, nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, nitrogen.
Upper exp. limit, %
Lower exp. limit, %
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. To extinguish fire use water spray, dry chemical, carbon dioxide, or chemical foam. Do NOT use straight streams of water.
This chemical is combustible.
Containers may explode when heated.
Irritating and toxic hydrogen chloride and oxides of nitrogen may form in fires.
May cause cancer according to animal studies.
Harmful if swallowed. May cause irritation of the digestive tract. May cause liver and kidney damage. May cause methemoglobinemia, cyanosis, convulsions, and death. Methemoglobinemia is characterized by dizziness, drowsiness, headache, breath shortness, cyanosis with bluish skin, rapid heart rate and chocolate-brown colored blood. May cause central nervous system effects. May cause discoloration of the lips, tongue, and mucous membranes.
Harmful if inhaled. May cause respiratory tract irritation. May cause effects similar to those described for ingestion.
Causes skin burns. Substance is rapidly absorbed through the skin. If absorbed, may cause symptoms similar to those for ingestion.
Causes eye burns.
If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Get medical aid immediately. Induce vomiting by giving one teaspoon of Syrup of Ipecac. Do NOT induce vomiting. If conscious and alert, rinse mouth and drink 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water.
Get medical aid immediately. Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. DO NOT use mouth-to-mouth respiration. If breathing has ceased apply artificial respiration using oxygen and a suitable mechanical device such as a bag and a mask.
Get medical aid. Flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes.
Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid immediately.
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