3-Chlorobenzenethiol

  • m-Chlorobenzenethiol
  • 3-Chlorothiophenol
  • m-Chlorothiophenol
Formula
C6H5ClS
Structure
Description
Clear almost colorless.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
2037-31-2
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
218-010-0
R 22 34
S 26 36/37/39 45
UN (DOT)
2810
Beilstein/Gmelin
1854087
Beilstein Reference
4-06-00-01576
Canada DSL/NDSL
NDSL
US TSCA
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C6H5ClS
Formula mass
144.61
Boiling point, °C
110
Density
1.2637 g/cm3 (12.5 C)
Solubility in water
Slightly soluble
Refractive index
1.60 (20 C)
pKa/pKb
5.83 (pKa)

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances.
Handling
Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Keep container tightly closed. Avoid ingestion and inhalation. Use with adequate ventilation. Wash clothing before reuse.
Protection
Eyes: Wear safety glasses and chemical goggles if splashing is possible. Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves and clothing to prevent skin exposure. Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to minimize contact with skin. Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators
A respiratory protection program that meets OSHA's 29 CFR 1910.134 and ANSI Z88.2 requirements or European Standard EN 149 must be followed whenever workplace conditions warrant a respirator's use. Wear a NIOSH/MSHA or European Standard EN 149 approved full-facepiece airline respirator in the positive pressure mode with emergency escape provisions.
Small spills/leaks
Absorb spill with inert material, (e.g., dry sand or earth), then place into a chemical waste container. Clean up spills immediately, using the appropriate protective equipment. Sweep up or absorb material, then place into a suitable clean, dry, closed container for disposal. Provide ventilation.
Stability
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures. Stable at room temperature in closed containers under normal storage and handling conditions.
Incompatibilities
Strong oxidizing agents.
Decomposition
Hydrogen chloride, carbon monoxide, oxides of sulfur, carbon dioxide, hydrogen sulfide.

Fire.
Flash Point,°C
90
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. To extinguish fire, use water, dry chemical, chemical foam, or alcohol-resistant foam. In case of fire use water spray, dry chemical, carbon dioxide, or appropriate foam.
Fire potential
Combustible material: may burn but does not ignite readily.
Hazards
When heated, vapors may form explosive mixtures with air: indoors, outdoors, and sewers explosion hazards.
Combustion products
Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.

Health.
Exposure effects
Effects may be delayed.
   Ingestion
May cause gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea.
   Inhalation
Causes respiratory tract irritation. Can produce delayed pulmonary edema.
   Skin
Causes skin irritation. May be fatal if absorbed through the skin. Substance is readily absorbed through the slkin.
   Eyes
Causes eye irritation. Lachrymator. May cause chemical conjunctivitis.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid. Do NOT induce vomiting. If conscious and alert, rinse mouth and drink 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water.
   Inhalation
Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid.
   Skin
Get medical aid. Flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash clothing before reuse.
   Eyes
Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid. Do NOT allow victim to rub or keep eyes closed.

Transport.
UN number
2810
Response guide
Hazard class
6.1
Packing Group
I; II; III