3-Fluorobenzonitrile

  • Benzonitrile, 3-fluoro-
Formula
C7H4FN
Structure
Description
Clear very slight yellow solid.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
403-54-3
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
206-963-5
R 20/21/22
S 28 36/37
UN (DOT)
3276
Beilstein/Gmelin
1858941
Beilstein Reference
4-09-00-00953
Canada DSL/NDSL
NDSL
US TSCA
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C7H4FN
Formula mass
121.11
Melting point, °C
-16
Boiling point, °C
182
Density
1.1334 g/cm3 (25 C)
Refractive index
1.50 (20 C)

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances.
Handling
Wash thoroughly after handling. Use with adequate ventilation. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Keep container tightly closed. Avoid ingestion and inhalation.
Protection
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
Small spills/leaks
Wash area with soap and water. Sweep up, then place into a suitable container for disposal.
Stability
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Incompatibilities
Strong oxidizing agents, strong acids, strong bases.
Decomposition
Nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, irritating and toxic fumes and gases, carbon dioxide, cyanide fumes, hydrogen fluoride, nitrogen, fluoride fumes.

Fire.
Flash Point,°C
67
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. To extinguish fire use water spray, dry chemical, carbon dioxide, or appropriate foam.

Health.
Exposure effects
   Ingestion
May cause irritation of the digestive tract. The toxicological properties of this substance have not been fully investigated.
   Inhalation
The toxicological properties of this substance have not been fully investigated. Inhalation of dust may cause respiratory tract irritation.
   Skin
May cause skin irritation.
   Eyes
Dust may cause mechanical irritation.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid immediately.
   Inhalation
Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid.
   Skin
Get medical aid. Flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes.
   Eyes
Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid immediately.

Transport.
UN number
3276
Response guide