3-Methyl-1,3-pentadiene

  • 1,2-Dimethyl-1,3-butadiene
  • 3,4-Dimethylbutadiene
  • 3-Methylpentadiene
Formula
C6H10
Structure
Description
Flammable colorless liquid. A mixture of cis and trans isomers.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
4549-74-0
UN (DOT)
2461
Beilstein/Gmelin
1731554
Beilstein Reference
4-01-00-01021

Properties.
Formula
C6H10
Formula mass
82.14
Boiling point, °C
76
Density
0.7802 g/ml (20 C)
Solubility in water
Insoluble
Refractive index
1.449 (20 C)

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Keep away from heat, sparks, and flame. Store in a tightly closed container. Refrigerator/flammables.
Handling
Remove contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Use only in a well ventilated area. Ground and bond containers when transferring material. Use spark-proof tools and explosion proof equipment. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Empty containers retain product residue, (liquid and/or vapor), and can be dangerous. Avoid contact with heat, sparks and flame. Avoid ingestion and inhalation. Do not pressurize, cut, weld, braze, solder, drill, grind, or expose empty containers to heat, sparks or open flames.
Protection
Wear appropriate protective gloves, clothing and goggles.
Respirators
Wear positive pressure self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA).
Small spills/leaks
Make no contact with the spilled material. ELIMINATE all ignition sources and ground all equipment. Stop leak if you can do it without risk. A vapor suppressing foam may be used to reduce vapors. Absorb or cover with dry earth, sand or other non-combustible material and transfer to containers. Use clean non-sparking tools to collect absorbed material.
Stability
Stable at room temperature in closed containers under normal storage and handling conditions.
Incompatibilities
Strong oxidizing agents.
Decomposition
Carbon monoxide, irritating and toxic fumes and gases, carbon dioxide.

Fire.
Flash Point,°C
-29
Fire fighting
Use of water spray when fighting fire may be inefficient. Small Fires: Dry chemical, carbon dioxide, water spray or alcohol-resistant foam. Large Fires: Water spray, fog or alcohol-resistant foam. Use water spray or fog; do not use straight streams.
Fire potential
HIGHLY FLAMMABLE: Will be easily ignited by heat, sparks or flames.
Hazards
Vapors may form explosive mixtures with air. Vapors may travel to source of ignition and flash back. Most vapors are heavier than air. They will spread along ground and collect in low or confined areas (sewers, basements, tanks). Vapor explosion hazard indoors, outdoors or in sewers.
Combustion products
Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.

Health.
Exposure effects
The toxological properties of this substance have not been fully investigated.
   Ingestion
May cause gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. Ingestion of large amounts may cause CNS depression.
   Inhalation
May cause irritation or burns.
   Skin
See Inhalation.
   Eyes
See Inhalation.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
Seek medical assistance.
   Inhalation
Move victim to fresh air. Apply artificial respiration if victim is not breathing. Administer oxygen if breathing is difficult.
   Skin
Remove and isolate contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash skin with soap and water. Flush with running water for at least 20 minutes
   Eyes
Flush with running water for at least 20 minutes.

Transport.
UN number
2461
Response guide
Hazard class
3
Packing Group
II
 
USCG CHRIS Code
HFN