3-Nitrobenzoyl chloride

  • m-Nitrobenzoyl chloride
  • 3-Nitrobenzoic acid chloride
Formula
C7H4ClNO3
Structure
Description
Yellow to brown liquid.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
121-90-4
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
204-505-9
EC Class
harmful, corrosive
R 21 34
S 26 36/37/39 45
RTECS
DM6646000
RTECS class
Mutagen
UN (DOT)
2923
Beilstein/Gmelin
777186
Beilstein Reference
4-09-00-01061
Canada DSL/NDSL
DSL
US TSCA
Listed
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C7H4ClNO3
Formula mass
185.57
Melting point, °C
30 - 33
Boiling point, °C
275
Vapor pressure, mmHg
0.005 (25 C)
Density
1.42 g/cm3
Solubility in water
Insoluble
Partition coefficient, pKow
2.12
Heat of vaporization
51.6 kJ/mol

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Corrosives area.
Handling
All chemicals should be considered hazardous. Avoid direct physical contact. Use appropriate, approved safety equipment. Untrained individuals should not handle this chemical or its container. Handling should occur in a chemical fume hood.
Protection
Eyes: Wear safety glasses and chemical goggles if splashing is possible. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves and clothing to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to minimize contact with skin.
Respirators
Wear a NIOSH/MSHA or European Standard EN 149 approved full-facepiece airline respirator in the positive pressure mode with emergency escape provisions.
Small spills/leaks
Absorb spill with inert material, (e.g., dry sand or earth), then place into a chemical waste container.
Disposal code
11
Stability
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Incompatibilities
Water - alcohols - oxidizing agents - strong bases.
Decomposition
Hydrogen chloride, nitrogen oxides, phosgene, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, nitrogen.

Fire.
Flash Point,°C
122
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. Extinguishing media: Do NOT use water directly on fire. Use foam, dry chemical, or carbon dioxide.
Fire potential
This chemical is combustible.
Hazards
Contact with metals may evolve flammable hydrogen gas.
Combustion products
Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.

Health.
Poison_Class
2 (Very strong toxins)
Exposure effects
   Ingestion
Not available.
   Inhalation
May cause severe irritation of the respiratory tract with sore throat, coughing, shortness of breath and delayed lung edema. Causes chemical burns to the respiratory tract.
   Skin
May cause severe irritation and possible burns.
   Eyes
Contact with eyes may cause severe irritation, and possible eye burns.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
Do NOT induce vomiting. If conscious and alert, rinse mouth and drink 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water.
   Inhalation
Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately.
   Skin
Flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes.
   Eyes
Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids.

Transport.
UN number
2923
Response guide
Hazard class
8
Packing Group
I; II; III
 
HS Code
2916 39 00