3-Nitrobiphenyl

  • 3-Nitro-1,1'-biphenyl
Formula
C12H9NO2
Structure
Description
Light yellow powder.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
2113-58-8
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
218-305-4
R 20/22 40
S 22 36/37
RTECS
DV5570000
RTECS class
Mutagen
Beilstein/Gmelin
1872195
Beilstein Reference
4-05-00-01823

Properties.
Formula
C12H9NO2
Formula mass
199.22
Melting point, °C
62
Boiling point, °C
339
Vapor pressure, mmHg
0.0002 (25 C)
Density
1.305 g/cm3
Solubility in water
Insoluble
Partition coefficient, pKow
3.51
Heat of vaporization
55.9 kJ/mol
Heat of combustion
-6088 kJ/mol

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Store in a cool, dry place. Store in a tightly closed container.
Handling
Wash thoroughly after handling. Remove contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Do not ingest or inhale. Use only in a chemical fume hood.
Protection
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
Small spills/leaks
Vacuum or sweep up material and place into a suitable disposal container.
Stability
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Incompatibilities
Strong oxidizing agents, strong bases.
Decomposition
Nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide.

Fire.
Flash Point,°C
161
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. To extinguish fire use water spray, dry chemical, carbon dioxide, or chemical foam.

Health.
Exposure effects
   Ingestion
May cause central nervous system depression, kidney damage, and liver damage. Symptoms may include: headache, excitement, fatigue, nausea, vomiting, stupor, and coma. May cause gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. The toxicological properties of this substance have not been fully investigated.
   Inhalation
Inhalation of high concentrations may cause central nervous system effects characterized by headache, dizziness, unconsciousness and coma. May cause respiratory tract irritation. The toxicological properties of this substance have not been fully investigated.
   Skin
May cause skin irritation.
   Eyes
May cause eye irritation.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Get medical aid immediately.
   Inhalation
Get medical aid immediately. Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen.
   Skin
Get medical aid. Flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes.
   Eyes
Flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid immediately.

Transport.
42. Nitro compounds