3,3'-Dimethoxybenzidine-4,4'-diisocyanate

  • Dianisidine diisocyanate
  • 3,3'-Dimethoxy-4,4'-biphenyl diisocyanate
  • 3,3'-Dimethoxy-4,4'-biphenylene diisocyanate
  • 3,3'-Dimethoxy-4,4'-biphenylylene isocyanate
  • 3,3'-Dimethoxy-4,4'-diphenylyl isocyanate
Formula
C16H12N2O4
Structure
Description
Gray to brown powder or dark beige sandy powder.
Uses
Polymers and adhesive systems, high strength backbone or cross-linking intermediate.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
91-93-0
RTECS
NQ8800000
RTECS class
Tumorigen; Mutagen
Beilstein/Gmelin
928196
Beilstein Reference
4-13-00-02837
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C16H12N2O4
Formula mass
296.28
Melting point, °C
138
Boiling point, °C
210 - 211 (3 torr)

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Keep in a cool, dry, dark location in a tightly sealed container or cylinder. Keep away from incompatible materials, ignition sources and untrained individuals. Secure and label area. Protect containers/cylinders from physical damage.
Handling
All chemicals should be considered hazardous. Avoid direct physical contact. Use appropriate, approved safety equipment. Untrained individuals should not handle this chemical or its container. Handling should occur in a chemical fume hood.
Protection
If Tyvek-type disposable protective clothing is not worn during handling of this chemical, wear disposable Tyvek-type sleeves taped to your gloves.
Respirators
Wear a NIOSH-approved half face respirator equipped with a combination filter cartridge, i.e. organic vapor/acid gas/HEPA (specific for organic vapors, HCl, acid gas, SO2 and a high efficiency particulate filter).
Small spills/leaks
If a spill of this chemical occurs, FIRST REMOVE ALL SOURCES OF IGNITION, then you should dampen the solid spill material with acetone and transfer the dampened material to a suitable container. Use absorbent paper dampened with acetone to pick up any remaining material. Seal your contaminated clothing and the absorbent paper in a vapor-tight plastic bag for eventual disposal. Solvent wash all contaminated surfaces with acetone followed by washing with a soap and water solution. Do not reenter the contaminated area until the Safety Officer (or other responsible person) has verified that the area has been properly cleaned.
Stability
No data.
Incompatibilities
May react with amines, aldehydes, alcohols, alkali metals, ketones, mercaptans, strong oxidizing agents, hydrides, phenols, and peroxides with vigorous releases of heat.

Fire.
Fire fighting
Fires involving this material can be controlled with a dry chemical, carbon dioxide or Halon extinguisher.
Fire potential
This material is probably combustible.

Health.
Exposure effects
Acute exposures may produce headache, insomnia, euphoria, ataxia, anxiety neurosis with depression, or paranoid tendencies.
   Ingestion
Inhalation of vapor or aerosol may produce vomiting and abdominal pain. Epigastric and substernal pain may be secondary to the paroxysmal or persistent cough associated with inhalation.
   Inhalation
Burning or irritation of the nose and throat, cough, laryngitis, chest pain, and asthmatic syndrome (chemical bronchitis with severe bronchospasm), sensation of oppression or constriction of the chest, bronchitis, emphysema and cor pulmonale may occur.
   Skin
Irritation and inflammation are common. Dermal absorption is low.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
DO NOT INDUCE VOMITING. If the victim is conscious and not convulsing, give 1 or 2 glasses of water to dilute the chemical and IMMEDIATELY call a hospital or poison control center. Be prepared to transport the victim to a hospital if advised by a physician. If the victim is convulsing or unconscious, do not give anything by mouth, ensure that the victim's airway is open and lay the victim on his/her side with the head lower than the body. DO NOT INDUCE VOMITING. IMMEDIATELY transport the victim to a hospital.
   Inhalation
IMMEDIATELY leave the contaminated area; take deep breaths of fresh air. IMMEDIATELY call a physician and be prepared to transport the victim to a hospital even if no symptoms (such as wheezing, coughing, shortness of breath, or burning in the mouth, throat, or chest) develop. Provide proper respiratory protection to rescuers entering an unknown atmosphere. Whenever possible, Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus (SCBA) should be used.
   Skin
IMMEDIATELY flood affected skin with water while removing and isolating all contaminated clothing. Gently wash all affected skin areas thoroughly with soap and water. IMMEDIATELY call a hospital or poison control center even if no symptoms (such as redness or irritation) develop. IMMEDIATELY transport the victim to a hospital for treatment after washing the affected areas.
   Eyes
First check the victim for contact lenses and remove if present. Flush victim's eyes with water or normal saline solution for 20 to 30 minutes while simultaneously calling a hospital or poison control center. Do not put any ointments, oils, or medication in the victim's eyes without specific instructions from a physician. IMMEDIATELY transport the victim after flushing eyes to a hospital even if no symptoms (such as redness or irritation) develop.

Transport.