3,3'-Iminodipropionitrile

  • Bis(beta-cyanoethyl)amine
Formula
C6H9N3
Structure
Description
Clear colorless liquid.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
111-94-4
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
203-922-3
RTECS
UG2975000
RTECS class
Drug; Reproductive Effector; Primary Irritant
Beilstein/Gmelin
1746455
Beilstein Reference
4-04-00-02561
EPA OPP
600004
Swiss Giftliste 1
G-1910
Canada DSL/NDSL
DSL
US TSCA
Listed
Austrailia AICS
Listed
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Listed
Korea ECL
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C6H9N3
Formula mass
123.18
Melting point, °C
-5.5
Boiling point, °C
328
Vapor pressure, mmHg
0.0002 (25 C)
Vapor density (air=1)
4.2
Density
1.02 g/cm3 (20 C)
Solubility in water
Very soluble
Viscosity
2.85 cp (30 C)
Surface tension
47.7 g/s2 (30 C)
Refractive index
1.462 (20 C)
pKa/pKb
8.74 (pKb)
Partition coefficient, pKow
-1.14
Heat of vaporization
57.1 kJ/mol

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Keep container closed when not in use. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances. Store protected from moisture.
Handling
Wash thoroughly after handling. Remove contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Avoid ingestion and inhalation.
Protection
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to minimize contact with skin.
Respirators
A respiratory protection program that meets OSHA's 29 CFR 1910.134 and ANSI Z88.2 requirements or European Standard EN 149 must be followed whenever workplace conditions warrant a respirator's use.
Small spills/leaks
Absorb spill with inert material, (e.g., dry sand or earth), then place into a chemical waste container. Clean up spills immediately, using the appropriate protective equipment. Provide ventilation. Do not get water inside containers.
Stability
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Incompatibilities
Bases, acids (mineral, non-oxidizing, e.g. hydrochloric acid, hydrofluoric acid, muriatic acid, phosphoric acid).
Decomposition
Nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, irritating and toxic fumes and gases, carbon dioxide, cyanide fumes, ammonia.

Fire.
Flash Point,°C
149
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. Use water spray to keep fire-exposed containers cool. Containers may explode in the heat of a fire. Extinguishing media: Use agent most appropriate to extinguish fire. Do NOT get water inside containers. Cool containers with flooding quantities of water until well after fire is out. In case of fire use water spray, dry chemical, carbon dioxide, or appropriate foam.
Fire potential
This chemical is combustible.

Health.
Poison_Class
4
Exposure effects
Repeated exposure may cause central nervous system damage.
   Ingestion
May cause gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. May cause central nervous system effects and/or neurological effects. May cause visual changes with blurred vision. Opacities may form in the cornea.
   Inhalation
May cause respiratory tract irritation.
   Skin
May cause skin irritation.
   Eyes
Causes eye irritation.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid immediately.
   Inhalation
Get medical aid immediately. Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen.
   Skin
Get medical aid. Flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash clothing before reuse.
   Eyes
Flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid immediately.

Transport.