4-Chlorobutanoic acid

  • gamma-Chlorobutyric acid
  • 4-Chlorobutyric acid
Formula
C4H7ClO2
Structure
Description
Liquid.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
627-00-9
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
210-977-7
Canada DSL/NDSL
DSL
US TSCA
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C4H7ClO2
Formula mass
122.55
Melting point, °C
16
Boiling point, °C
311
Vapor pressure, mmHg
1.3E-4 (25 C)
Critical temperature
418
Critical pressure
41.1
Density
1.218 g/cm3 (20 C)
Solubility in water
Very soluble
pKa/pKb
4.51 (pKa)
Partition coefficient, pKow
0.70
Heat of vaporization
60.7 kJ/mol

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Store at room temperature.
Protection
PVC disposable gloves, safety glasses.
Small spills/leaks
Sweep up and shovel into suitable containers for disposal.
Stability
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Incompatibilities
Strong oxidizing agents.
Decomposition
Hydrogen chloride.

Fire.
Flash Point,°C
101
Fire fighting
Use dry chemical, CO2, water spray or alcohol foam to extinguish. W ear self-contained breathing apparatus pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent) and full protective gear. Water mist may be used to cool closed containers.

Health.
Exposure effects
Chronic exposure may cause nausea and vomiting, higher exposure causes unconsciousness.
   Ingestion
:May be harmful if swallowed.
   Inhalation
May cause irritation of respiratory tract.
   Skin
May cause skin irritation and/or dermatitis. May cause allergic reaction.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
Do not induce vomiting without medical advice.
   Inhalation
Move to fresh air. Call a physician immediately.
   Skin
Rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
   Eyes
In the case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.

Transport.