Registry Numbers and Inventories.
Swiss Giftliste 1
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Melting point, °C
Boiling point, °C
172 - 173 (22 torr)
Vapor pressure, mmHg
Solubility in water
Hazards and Protection.
Keep in a cool, dry, dark location in a tightly sealed container or cylinder. Keep away from incompatible materials, ignition sources and untrained individuals. Secure and label area. Protect containers/cylinders from physical damage.
All chemicals should be considered hazardous. Avoid direct physical contact. Use appropriate, approved safety equipment. Untrained individuals should not handle this chemical or its container. Handling should occur in a chemical fume hood.
Wear appropriate protective gloves, clothing and goggles.
Wear positive pressure self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA).
Do not touch damaged containers or spilled material unless wearing appropriate protective clothing. Stop leak if you can do it without risk. Cover with plastic sheet to prevent spreading. Absorb or cover with dry earth, sand or other non-combustible material and transfer to containers. DO NOT GET WATER INSIDE CONTAINERS.
Small Fires: Dry chemical, carbon dioxide or water spray. Large Fires: Water spray, fog or regular foam.
Combustible material: may burn but does not ignite readily.
Containers may explode when heated.
Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.
Nausea and vomiting may occur.
Dyspnea and tachypnea may occur.
Central cyanosis unresponsive to oxygen therapy is classic.
Emesis: ipecac-induced vomiting is not recommended because of the potential for cns depression and seizures. Activated charcoal: administer charcoal as a slurry (240 ml water/30 g charcoal). Usual dose: 25 to 100 g in adults/adolescents. Consider after ingestion of a potentially life-threatening amount of poison if it can be performed soon after ingestion (generally within 1 hour). Oxygen - administer oxygen to all cyanotic or symptomatic patients. Methemoglobinemia: administer 1 to 2 mg/kg of 1% methylene blue slowly iv in symptomatic patients. Additional doses may be required. Shock and cardiac arrest - treat routinely. Adjunctive therapy - exchange transfusions and hyperbaric oxygen may be useful in severe cases.
Move victim to fresh air. Apply artificial respiration if victim is not breathing. Do not use mouth-to-mouth method if victim ingested or inhaled the substance; induce artificial respiration with the aid of a pocket mask equipped with a one-way valve or other proper respiratory medical device. Administer oxygen if breathing is difficult.
Some methemoglobinemia producing chemicals are readily absorbed through the skin to produce adverse systemic effects. Aniline and related compounds may be rapidly absorbed by all routes. Skin contact with contaminated clothing or shoes may result in adverse systemic effects. Skin should be thoroughly washed with soap and water. Contaminated clothing and shoes should be discarded. Seek medical attention. Administer 100 percent humidified supplemental oxygen with assisted ventilation as required. Treat for methemoglobinemia and sequelae. Signs and symptoms of methemoglobinemia may be delayed. Methemoglobinemia: administer 1 to 2 mg/kg of 1% methylene blue slowly iv in symptomatic patients. Additional doses may be required.
Immediately flush with running water for at least 20 minutes.