4-Nitrobenzyl chloride

  • 1-(Chloromethyl)-4-nitrobenzene
  • 4-Nitrophenylmethyl chloride
  • p-(Chloromethyl)nitrobenzene
  • a-Chloro-p-nitrotoluene
Formula
C7H6ClNO2
Structure

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
100-14-1
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
202-822-7
R 20/21/22 34
S 26 36/37/39 45
RTECS
XS9093000
RTECS class
Mutagen
UN (DOT)
2433
Beilstein/Gmelin
387187
Beilstein Reference
4-05-00-00856
Canada DSL/NDSL
NDSL
US TSCA
Listed
New Zealand
Listed
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Listed
Korea ECL
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C7H6ClNO2
Formula mass
171.59
Melting point, °C
68 - 70
Boiling point, °C
293
Vapor pressure, mmHg
0.0032
Density
1.5647 g/cm3 (20 C)
Solubility in water
Insoluble
Partition coefficient, pKow
2.22
Heat of vaporization
51.1 kJ/mol

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Keep away from heat, sparks, and flame. Keep away from sources of ignition. Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances.
Handling
All chemicals should be considered hazardous. Avoid direct physical contact. Use appropriate, approved safety equipment. Untrained individuals should not handle this chemical or its container. Handling should occur in a chemical fume hood.
Protection
Wear protective gloves and clothing and safety goggles.
Respirators
Not available.
Small spills/leaks
Keep unnecessary people away; isolate hazard area and deny entry. Stay upwind; keep out of low areas. If water pollution occurs, notify appropriate authorities. Do not touch spilled material; stop leak if you can do so without risk. Small spills: absorb with sand or other noncombustible absorbent material and place into containers for later disposal. Small dry spills: with clean shovel, place material into clean, dry container and cover; move containers from spill area. Large spills: dike far ahead of spill for alter disposal.
Stability
Stable at room temperature in closed containers under normal storage and handling conditions.
Incompatibilities
Incompatible with sodium hydroxide If mixed with reducing agents, including hydrides, sulfides and nitrides, they may begin a vigorous reaction that culminates in a detonation.

Fire.
Flash Point,°C
130
Fire fighting
Keep unnecessary people away; isolate hazard area and deny entry. Stay upwind; keep out of low areas. Wear self-contained (positive pressure if available) breathing apparatus and full protective clothing.This material may burn but does not ignite readily. Small fires: dry chemical, carbon dioxide, water spray or foam. Large fires: Water spray, fog or foam. Move container from fire area if you can do it without risk.
Fire potential
Combustible Liquid.
Hazards
Incompatible with sodium hydroxide.
Combustion products
During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion.

Health.
Exposure effects
   Ingestion
Causes irritation.
   Inhalation
Causes irritation.
   Skin
Causes irritation.
   Eyes
Causes irritation.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid. Do NOT induce vomiting. If conscious and alert, rinse mouth and drink 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water.
   Inhalation
Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid.
   Skin
Get medical aid. Flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash clothing before reuse.
   Eyes
Flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid.

Transport.
UN number
2433
Response guide