Major uses include chemical intermediate.
Registry Numbers and Inventories.
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Melting point, °C
56 - 57
Boiling point, °C
Vapor pressure, mmHg
2E-6 (25 C)
Solubility in water
Heat of vaporization
Hazards and Protection.
Signs and symptoms include central cyanosis, headache lethargy, dizziness, fatigue, syncope, dyspnea, CNS depression, seizures, dysrhythmia and shock. Symptoms may be delayed several hours after exposure. Nausea and vomiting may occur.
Administer charcoal as a slurry (240 mL water/30 g charcoal). Usual dose: 25 to 100 g in adults/adolescents, 25 to 50 g in children (1 to 12 years), and 1 g/kg in infants less than 1 year old. Consider gastric lavage after ingestion of a potentially life-threatening amount of poison if it can be performed soon after ingestion (generally within 1 hour). Protect airway by placement in Trendelenburg and left lateral decubitus position or by endotracheal intubation. Control any seizures first.
Move patient to fresh air. Monitor for respiratory distress. If cough or difficulty breathing develops, evaluate for respiratory tract irritation bronchitis, or pneumonitis. Administer oxygen and assist ventilation as required. Treat bronchospasm with inhaled beta2 agonist and oral or parenteral corticosteroids.
Skin should be thoroughly washed with soap and water Contaminated clothing and shoes should be discarded. Seek medical attention. Administer 100 percent humidified supplemental oxygen with assisted ventilation as required. Treat for methemoglobinemia and sequelae. Signs and symptoms of methemoglobinemia may be delayed.
Irrigate exposed eyes with copious amounts of room temperature water for at least 15 minutes. If irritation, pain, swelling, lacrimation, or photophobia persist, the patient should be seen in a health care facility.