Allyl acetate

  • 2-Propenyl Ethanoate
  • 3-Acetoxypropene
Formula
CH3COOCH2CH=CH2
Structure
Description
Colorless liquid, acrid odor.
Uses
Synthetic flavor useful in cheese, butter, fruit.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
591-87-7
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
209-734-8
EC Class
highly flammable, toxic, irritant
R 11 21 23/25 36/37/38
S 16 23.2 36/37 45
RTECS
AF1750000
RTECS class
Tumorigen; Primary Irritant
UN (DOT)
2333
Merck
12,293
Beilstein/Gmelin
1742050
Beilstein Reference
4-02-00-00180
Swiss Giftliste 1
G-1781
Canada DSL/NDSL
DSL
US TSCA
Listed
Austrailia AICS
Listed
New Zealand
Listed
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Listed
Korea ECL
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C5H8O2
Formula mass
100.12
Melting point, °C
-96
Boiling point, °C
103
Vapor pressure, mmHg
31 (25 C)
Vapor density (air=1)
3.45
Saturation Concentration
67,000 ppm at 37 C (calculated) (3)
Density
0.9376 g/cm3 (0 C)
Solubility in water
Soluble
Viscosity
0.52 cp at 20C
Surface tension
26.25 g/s2 (21 C)
Refractive index
1.40205 (20 C)
Partition coefficient, pKow
0.97
Heat of vaporization
34.3 kJ/mol
Heat of combustion
-2749 kJ/mol

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Keep away from heat, sparks, and flame. Keep away from sources of ignition. Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances. Refrigerator/flammables.
B2 D1A D2B
Handling
Use only in a well ventilated area. Ground and bond containers when transferring material. Use spark-proof tools and explosion proof equipment. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Empty containers retain product residue, (liquid and/or vapor), and can be dangerous. Keep container tightly closed. Avoid contact with heat, sparks and flame. Wash clothing before reuse. Do not pressurize, cut, weld, braze, solder, drill, grind, or expose empty containers to heat, sparks or open flames.
Protection
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
Small spills/leaks
Absorb spill with inert material, (e.g., dry sand or earth), then place into a chemical waste container. Clean up spills immediately, using the appropriate protective equipment. Remove all sources of ignition. Use a spark-proof tool. Provide ventilation. A vapor suppressing foam may be used to reduce vapors.
Disposal code
9
Stability
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Incompatibilities
Strong oxidizing agents.
Decomposition
Carbon monoxide, irritating and toxic fumes and gases, carbon dioxide.

Fire.
Flash Point,°C
6
Autoignition, °C
374
Upper exp. limit, %
13.0
Lower exp. limit, %
2.1
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. Will burn if involved in a fire. Use water spray to keep fire-exposed containers cool. Containers may explode in the heat of a fire. Extinguishing media: For small fires, use dry chemical, carbon dioxide, water spray or alcohol-resistant foam. For large fires, use water spray, fog, or alcohol-resistant foam. Use water spray to cool fire-exposed containers. Water may be ineffective. Do NOT use straight streams of water.
Fire potential
HIGHLY FLAMMABLE.
Hazards
Vapors may form explosive mixtures with air. Vapors may travel to source of ignition and flash back. Most vapors are heavier than air. They will spread along ground and collect in low or confined areas (sewers, basements, tanks). Vapor explosion and poison hazard indoors, outdoors or in sewers. May polymerize explosively when heated or involved in a fire. Runoff to sewer may create fire or explosion hazard. Containers may explode when heated. Many liquids are lighter than water.
Combustion products
Fire will produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.
Health
3
 
Flammability
3
 
 
Reactivity
0
 

Health.
Exposure limit(s)
OEL-RUSSIA:STEL 2 mg/m3;Skin
Poison_Class
2
Exposure effects
Agitation and syncope, both attributed to panic, have been reported.
   Ingestion
Harmful if swallowed. Causes gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea.
   Inhalation
May be harmful if inhaled. Vapors may cause dizziness or suffocation. Causes respiratory tract irritation with possible burns.
   Skin
May be harmful if absorbed through the skin. May cause blistering of the skin. Causes skin irritation and possible burns.
   Eyes
May cause transient corneal injury. Lachrymator. Causes eye irritation and possible burns.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
Get medical aid immediately. Do NOT induce vomiting. If conscious and alert, rinse mouth and drink 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. May cause irritation of the digestive tract and possible burns.
   Inhalation
Get medical aid immediately. Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. DO NOT use mouth-to-mouth respiration.
   Skin
Get medical aid. Flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash clothing before reuse. Destroy contaminated shoes.
   Eyes
Get medical aid immediately. Extensive irrigation is required (at least 30 minutes).

Transport.
UN number
2333
Response guide
Hazard class
3
Packing Group
II
 
HS Code
2915 39 90
 
Std. Transport #
4907401