Allylamine

  • 2-Propen-1-amine
  • 3-Aminopropylene
Formula
CH2=CHCH2NH2
Structure
Description
Colorless to light yellow liquid with a strong ammonia-like odor, lachrymator.
Uses
Chemical intermediate for mercurial diuretics.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
107-11-9
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
203-463-9
EC Index Number
612-046-00-4
EC Class
Highly flammable; Toxic; Dangerous for the Environment
R 11 23/24/25 51/53
S 9 16 24/25 45 61
RTECS
BA5425000
RTECS class
Mutagen; Human Data; Primary Irritant
UN (DOT)
2334
Merck
13,284
Beilstein/Gmelin
635703
Beilstein Reference
4-04-00-01057
Swiss Giftliste 1
G-2542
Canada DSL/NDSL
DSL
US TSCA
Listed
Austrailia AICS
Listed
New Zealand
Listed
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Listed
Korea ECL
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C3H7N
Formula mass
57.10
Melting point, °C
-88
Boiling point, °C
54
Vapor pressure, mmHg
242 (25 C)
Vapor density (air=1)
2
Saturation Concentration
26% at 20 C (calculated)
Density
0.76 g/cm3 (20 C)
Solubility in water
Very soluble
Viscosity
0.38 cp (25 C)
Surface tension
3.9x10-2 n/m @ melting point
Refractive index
1.4175 (20 C)
pKa/pKb
4.47 (pKb)
Partition coefficient, pKow
0.03
Heat of vaporization
29.7 kJ/mol
Heat of combustion
-2224 kJ/mol

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Keep away from heat, sparks, and flame. Keep away from sources of ignition. Store in a tightly closed container. Keep from contact with oxidizing materials. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances. Keep away from acids.
B2 D1A D2B E
Handling
Wash thoroughly after handling. Remove contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Ground and bond containers when transferring material. Do not get in eyes, on skin, or on clothing. Empty containers retain product residue, (liquid and/or vapor), and can be dangerous. Keep container tightly closed. Avoid contact with heat, sparks and flame. Do not ingest or inhale. Use only in a chemical fume hood. Do not pressurize, cut, weld, braze, solder, drill, grind, or expose empty containers to heat, sparks or open flames.
Protection
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
Small spills/leaks
Absorb spill with inert material, (e.g., dry sand or earth), then place into a chemical waste container. Remove all sources of ignition. A vapor suppressing foam may be used to reduce vapors. Water spray may reduce vapor but may not prevent ignition in closed spaces.
Disposal code
9
Stability
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Incompatibilities
Metals, oxidizing agents, acids, amines, halogenated agents, alkalies, chlorine, hypochlorite.
Decomposition
Carbon monoxide, oxides of nitrogen, carbon dioxide.

Fire.
Flash Point,°C
-29
Autoignition, °C
374
Upper exp. limit, %
22
Lower exp. limit, %
2.2
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. Combustion generates toxic fumes. Use water spray to keep fire-exposed containers cool. Extremely flammable liquid. Will be easily ignited by heat, sparks or flame. Containers may explode when heated. Extinguishing media: For small fires, use dry chemical, carbon dioxide, water spray or alcohol-resistant foam. Use water spray to cool fire-exposed containers. Water may be ineffective. For large fires, use water spray, fog or alcohol-resistant foam. Do NOT use straight streams of water. Cool containers with flooding quantities of water until well after fire is out.
Fire potential
Quite, when exposed to heat or flame will travel to source of ignition and flash back.
Hazards
Flammable when exposed to heat, sparks, or flame. Vapor forms explosive mixtures with air over a wide range. Use caution when approaching fire and applying water. Vapor explosion and poison hazard indoors, outdoors or in sewers. Runoff to sewer may create fire or explosion hazard. Can react with oxidizing materials. When heated to decomposition, it emits toxic fumes. Avoid oxidizing materials. Stable, avoid heating to decomposition. May become unstable at elevated temperatures and pressures or may react with water with non-violent release of energy.
Combustion products
Combustion may produce irritants and toxic gases, including oxides of nitrogen.
Health
4
 
Flammability
3
 
 
Reactivity
1
 

Health.
Exposure limit(s)
PDK: 0.5 mg/m3 P (USSR 1987).
Poison_Class
3
Exposure effects
Prolonged exposure may produce irregular respiration and cyanosis. CNS excitation and seizures have occurred in animals. No reproductive studies were found for allylamine in humans.
   Ingestion
Harmful if swallowed. May cause irritation of the digestive tract.
   Inhalation
May be fatal if inhaled. Exposure to high concentrations may produce narcosis, nausea and loss of consciousness. Causes respiratory tract irritation with possible burns. May cause severe tearing, conjunctivitis, corneal edema, coughing, nausea, and pulmonary edema.
   Skin
May be fatal if absorbed through the skin. Causes severe burns.
   Eyes
Causes severe eye burns. Vapor or mist may cause irritation and severe burns. May cause conjunctivitis. Lachrymator.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
Do NOT induce vomiting. If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid immediately.
   Inhalation
Get medical aid immediately. Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen.
   Skin
Get medical aid immediately. Immediately flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Remove contaminated clothing and shoes.
   Eyes
Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid immediately. Do NOT allow victim to rub or keep eyes closed.

Transport.
UN number
2334
Response guide
Hazard class
6.1
PRTC
T
Packing Group
I
 
USCG CHRIS Code
ALL
 
HS Code
2921 19 80
 
Std. Transport #
4921004