Aluminum chloride, solution
- Aluminum trichloride
Clear, colorless to yellow liquid.
Suitable as an acid catalyst, especially in friedel-crafts type reactions, in cracking of petroleum, in manufacture of rubbers, lubricants.
Registry Numbers and Inventories.
EC Index Number
S 7/8 28 45
Mutagen; Reproductive Effector
Swiss Giftliste 1
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Boiling point, °C
Vapor pressure, mmHg
0.19 (80 C)
Vapor density (air=1)
Extremely low at normal temperatures
Odor Threshold Odor threshold 1-5 ppm (hydrogen chloride)
1.23 g/cm3 (230 C)
Solubility in water
Heat of vaporization
Hazards and Protection.
Do not store in direct sunlight. Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances. Keep away from water. Keep away from organic halogens. Corrosives area. Loosen closure cautiously before opening.
Wash thoroughly after handling. Use with adequate ventilation. Loosen closure cautiously before opening. Do not get in eyes, on skin, or on clothing. Do not ingest or inhale.
Eyes: Wear chemical goggles and a face shield. Skin: Wear impervious gloves. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure.
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
Vacuum or sweep up material and place into a suitable disposal container. Clean up spills immediately, using the appropriate protective equipment. Avoid generating dusty conditions. Remove all sources of ignition. Use a spark-proof tool. Do not expose spill to water.
Stable under normal shipping and handling conditions.
Reacts violently with water, forming hydrogen chloride gas and hydrochloric acid. Reacts with allyl chloride ethylene, ethylene oxide, nitrobenzene, phenol, nitromethane and organic matter, oxygen difluoride, perchloryl fluoride, benzene, potassium sodium water.
Hydrogen chloride, aluminum oxide.
Do not use water on material itself. If large quantities of combustibles are involved, use water in flooding quantities as spray and fog. Use water spray to knock-down vapors.
May burn but not ignite readily. May ignite combustibles (wood, paper, oil, clothing, etc.).
Reacts violently with water used in extinguishing adjacent fires
Reacts violently with water, liberating hydrogen chloride gas and heat.
OEL-UNITED KINGDOM:TWA 2 mg(Al)/m3
Aluminum accumulates in brain tissue and is a neurotoxic agent. Ataxia and seizures have been reported following ingestions and in patients with compromised renal function receiving bladder irrigations. Mental status changes, including obtundation, lethargy and confusion, may occur.
Causes gastrointestinal tract burns. May cause corrosion and permanent tissue destruction of the esophagus and digestive tract.
Causes delayed lung injury. Causes severe irritation of upper respiratory tract with coughing, burns, breathing difficulty, and possible coma.
Contact with skin causes irritation and possible burns, especially if the skin is wet or moist.
Causes severe eye burns.
Do NOT induce vomiting. If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Get medical aid immediately.
Get medical aid immediately. Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen.
Get medical aid immediately. Immediately flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash clothing before reuse. Destroy contaminated shoes.
Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid immediately.
USCG CHRIS Code
2827 32 00
Std. Transport #